Conflict

Conflict - Conflict and Conflict Resolution Bonvillian Text...

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Unformatted text preview: Conflict and Conflict Resolution Bonvillian Text pages 339-348 Introduction In all societies, communities, and families, there is a potential for conflict Societies differ as to what causes conflict and in their ways of settling disputes and reestablishing peace or harmonious relationships Societies also differ in their mechanisms for applying sanctions that influence or control Terms to Know Positive Sanctions: recognitions or rewards, either in the form of material benefits or social prestige, granted to people who behave according to social norms Negative Sanctions: formal or informal methods of discouraging people from behaving improperly Informal Sanctions: teasing, ostracizing, or gossiping about wrongdoers Formal Sanctions: rewards or punishments administered by persons Evolutionary Perspectives in Conflict Evolutionary Perspectives in Conflict Dominance hierarchies: Primate gestures of dominance and subordination have similarities to human behavior Similar non-verbal communications to signal ones acceptance to subordinate status Conflict does not do permanent damage to the groups cohesion. Post-conflict reconciliation: patterned behavior that occurs immediately after conflict has erupted and taken its course, to restore some measure of social harmony Frans de Waal "consolation" behaviors shared interest more critical over aggression...
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This document was uploaded on 10/07/2008.

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Conflict - Conflict and Conflict Resolution Bonvillian Text...

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