Inequality

Inequality - Lecture Week 10: Gender, Equality &...

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Lecture Week 10:          Inequality
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Week At-a-Glance Today: DVD:  “Tough Guise” Begin Inequality discussion Thursday:   History of women in labor  force, role of religion in gender  stereotypes, stratification (including  global)
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Subordinate Position of Women  Cross Culturally There may be some societies in which the status/power of women is somewhat equal. . . ( www.peacefulsocieties.org ) but the overwhelming trend is toward patriarchy. Ideas that men are superior to women, more capable, more intelligent,   & even more spiritual exist.
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Why Do We See this Trend? Feminist Anthropology We’ll examine roles of men & women in relation to subsistence patterns, division of household We’ll also investigate  this question through  the lens of social  inequality We’ll compare “our”  collective experience  to the experience of  other cultures
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Common Gender-related Tasks  Across Cultures Table 10.1, p. 258 in text Women Gathering Care of children, sick,  elderly Tending house Making clothes Men Herding large animals Heavy farm labor War Long distance trade Variable OR Both Sexes Hunting small animals; making crafts, house building, local trade
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How Childbearing Plays Into  the Type of Work Women’s reproductive abilities may limit their mobility   and may temporarily limit the type of work they can engage in So. . . sometimes women are protected or excluded from certain types of labor CULTURE IS ADAPTIVE
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Women’s Labor by Subsistence  Patterns Foraging Pastoralism  Horticulture Agriculture Industrialism/ Post  Industrialism Most equal, but  hierarchy can  form based upon  which gender  supplies the major  food supply  (Inuit  of North American  Artic) Not as egalitarian  as foragers, but  hierarchy can form  based upon which  gender engages in  trade of goods  needed  but not  produced by group Women’s work  centered around  home and rearing  of (many)  children; lower  status from non  involvement in  heavy food- producing labor Industrial- Women work outside of home, lower wages justified by likelihood of leaving labor force, men supervise/ Post Industrial- Female dominated careers which commonly pay less; women in “same” jobs receive less pay
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Quick History of Women in U.S.  Labor Force
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This document was uploaded on 10/07/2008.

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Inequality - Lecture Week 10: Gender, Equality &...

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