Unformatted text preview: Religion Lecture Week 12 Key Terms Religion: Thoughts, actions, and feelings based on the sacred Animism: Belief in the existence of souls (eternal aspect of living things). Proselytism: the attempt to convert a person or group from one religion to another Elements of Religion Religious Symbols Beliefs and Society - egalitarian societies = egalitarian gods & leadership hierarchical societies = hierarchical gods & leadership animism (small societies) Worship & Religious Practices - monotheism - polytheism - ancestral worship Religious Practitioners Most religious societies have some sort of (priests, mediums, diviners, healers and shaman) spiritual mediator Shaman: religious practitioners who make contact with the spirit world through prayer, ritual, and trance Rituals
2 Ways To Classify: 1) Sacred 2) Secular Calendric Rituals - Ceremonies performed at different times during the year
(agriculturally related) Both syncretism Groundhog Day Attendance Credit Provide at least two examples of "rituals" that are a part of your typical life in a year (perhaps some that you've overlooked). Label each ritual as "sacred" "secular" or an example of "syncretism" and whether or not you know the history or origins of these rituals. Prayer Prayerreligious speech or thought through which believers transmit messages to spirit beings Prayer
-memorization - corporate vs. private Rites of Passage Rites of Passage: Rituals that are performed to celebrate socially significant transitions in a person's life cycle (birth, puberty, marriage, and death) Puberty Rites are just 1 example of a rite of passage Puberty Rites Among the Apache Naming as a Rite of Passage Kayapo Naming ceremony video clip Checking - in
1. True or False: A harvest fest is considered a calendric ritual Which is an example of a puberty rite? a) Bar Mitzvah b) Naming a baby c) Baby shower d) Confirmation 1. Healing and Curing Natural illness vs. spirit-related illness Spirit possession (positive & negative) Witchcraft Witches seek to cause harm to others Hard to measure practice due to secrecy Medical Anthropology
Ethomedinicne- the study of traditional medicine in cultural groups or in reindustrialized societies. (faith healing) Checking- In
True or False: Most cultures believe that spirit possession is usually a negative experience World Religions Cosmology- Religious worldview of a people, including beliefs about the origin of the world, deities, and their relationships to the spirit realm Dispersion of World Religions Matthews, Warren. 2004. Wadsworth Development of Some Christian Denominations Christian RomanCatholic Eastern Orthodox Protestant Nondenominational The main difference here is the interpretation of religious doctrine and the importance of a spiritual leader to interpret that text vs. every individual Denomination? Religion? Or Sect?
"...if you believe in it, it is a religion or perhaps 'the' religion; and if you do not care one way or another about it, it is a sect; but if you fear and hate it, it is a cult." Leo Pfeffer Author- Religion, State, and the Burger Court Roles of Founders in Buddhism, Christianity and Islam
Founded by individuals who were responding to human suffering and the inequalities of society Spread through followers and disciples who took control of standardizing these religious doctrines Revitalization Movements Revitalization Movements are religion based responses to societal crises. They arise in times of social and political upheavel. Other ways religion changes with cultural changes?? Attendance Credit
What are some of the characteristics of Liberation Theology? How did Romero view the role of the Church? Historically how has religion/religious practice served as a catalyst for social change? Do you think it will continue to be a potent force in the future? ...
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