Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
HUM 111 CLASSICAL GREECE III: RELIGION AND THE ARTS Theater of Dionysus: ancient Mystery Religion of the Cult of Dionysus Agora: lower city, meeting place, marked with boundary stones as sacred area Panathenaic Festival: every 4 years, celebrated birth of Athena, Athens’ civic deity panAthenaic Parade ended at the acropolis Orders of Columns: Doric= mainland Greeks, masculine, austere, plain, massive Ionic= Asia Minor, feminine, decorative, elaborate, finer Corinthian= Greek development, used by later cultures Doric+Ionic= balance (mas/fem; Dorian/Ionian)=order Acropolis (high city): rebuilt during the second half of the fifth century BC Persian Wars, Delian League, funds used by Pericles to rebuild Acropolis Pericles: “Buildings live on long after man’s deeds are forgotten.” This is where we started for the night- we covered the previous stuff last week. Propylaea: IMPORTANT- foregates; Museum= temple of the Muses (inspiration) Prop-before, Pylon-gate… these are gates going into the acropolis- there are boundary markers on the way through the gate saying you are entering a sacred area. The acropolis was a sacred area was alwas walled, heavily fortified. All of the wealth of Athens was kept up on the acropolis, so the propylaea had a very defensive purpose, therefore they had the Doric column The propylaea had an area with benches, stands with sculptures (back then), also they had one of the first known picture galleries in history, there may be others, but this is the oldest building we know of that was actually set aside for the display of paintings (we found vase paintings but not the free standing paintings, as these don’t preserve way) To the left – This picture gallery was the place of the Muses, the goddesses of inspiration, which is why picture galleries are now called Museums You would exit the propylaea at a certain place, and when you emerged you would then see all buildings at a ¾ view, never straight on, so they don’t look flat, they look like sculptures, free standing forms they wanted you to see it as a sculpture in space. Only approach from the back. Buildings in Greece were always oriented. They always faced east, mainly because of the sun god Apollo coming up in the morning, so they face the rising sun Buildings faced east - They were very carefully oriented. So when you see them you have to walk around to the front to experience the buildings- the Greeks say this is democracy- you experience a building by walking around and participating in it. Roman buildings are very different (directional, manipulative) In 5 th century Athens, they equated this experiental view of architecture with democracy The placing of the buildings was decided and voted on by a committee- even the process of building it was a universal, civic activity Statue of Athena Promachus: made with bronze of the defeated Persians
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Athena Promachus means Athena first in battle , was sculpted by athiddius? So it has a strong value for war and religion, but also has a political aspect to it. It was made from the melted
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 11


This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online