Notes, theories of deviance - Deviance Theories of Deviance...

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- Deviance - September 28, 2005 Theories of Deviance Three Perspectives 1. Structural Perspective A. Key Terms - Macro level - Abstract - Social institutions - Differential opportunity structure (not everyone has equal access to the opportunities in society) - Prejudice and discrimination Strain Theory (Merton) - Blocked opportunity structure (e.g. glass ceiling, inequality, not as good education) - People deviate to get around this block (e.g. dealing drugs, steroids) Differential Opportunity Theory (Cloward and Ohlin) - Illegitimate opportunity perspective - Talks about structural opportunities in the criminal underworld - Certain criminal opportunities that are restricted by race and ethnicity - Where you live blocks or enhances your criminal opportunity structure 2. Cultural Perspective - Meso Level - Subcultures - Norms - Values Culture Conflict Theory (Sellin) - Migrate - Takeover (a downtown area is taken over and rich people want to move back there and their appearance and behavior are different from local residents, the
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