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Pandemic - HUM-101 Outbreak With ten pandemics in the past...

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HUM-101 Outbreak With ten pandemics in the past 300 years, another pandemic has yet to occur. A recent analysis showed that the pandemic of 1918 and 1919 killed fifty million to one hundred million people during a time when the population was smaller. Now with the world population near six and a half billion, a relatively mild pandemic could kill millions of people. There are still outbreaks that may occur. The outbreaks of influenza pandemics occur on a regular cycle. There is evidence that influenza pandemics occur anywhere from every twenty to thirty years. Asian bird flu may be the next pandemic due to its infectious nature which could potentially infect up to thirty percent of the world population. “Health officials are concerned that the avian influenza virus also known as the H5N1 virus may “swap” genetic information with the human flu virus and develop the ability to infect people easily, leading to an influenza pandemic.” (EhealthMD) Director of the Center for Public Health Preparedness at Columbia University says that “Almost everyone in the field feels that an influenza pandemic is virtually inevitable and that we need to be prepared for it”. Bird flu is also known as avian influenza. It is an infection caused by influenza and occurs naturally among birds. There are a few subtypes of influenza viruses, H1N1, H1N2, H3N2, that are circulating among humans. The subtype of avian influenza that is of most concern to humans is H5N1 because it was thought to only infect birds, but humans have been getting infected via poultry. The H5N1 has the most number of detected cases of severe disease and death in humans. The symptoms of avian influenza in humans are like any typical influenza, like coughing, fever, sore throat, and muscle
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aches. There are also life threatening complications that can occur like pneumonia, acute
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