CFR-2016-title14-vol1.pdf - Title 14 Aeronautics and Space...

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Unformatted text preview: Title 14 Aeronautics and Space Parts 1 to 59 Revised as of January 1, 2016 Containing a codification of documents of general applicability and future effect As of January 1, 2016 jstallworth on DSK7TPTVN1PROD with CFR Published by the Office of the Federal Register National Archives and Records Administration as a Special Edition of the Federal Register VerDate Sep<11>2014 09:15 Mar 11, 2016 Jkt 238046 PO 00000 Frm 00001 Fmt 8091 Sfmt 8091 Y:\SGML\238046.XXX 238046 U.S. GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL EDITION NOTICE Legal Status and Use of Seals and Logos The seal of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) authenticates the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) as the official codification of Federal regulations established under the Federal Register Act. Under the provisions of 44 U.S.C. 1507, the contents of the CFR, a special edition of the Federal Register, shall be judicially noticed. The CFR is prima facie evidence of the original documents published in the Federal Register (44 U.S.C. 1510). It is prohibited to use NARA’s official seal and the stylized Code of Federal Regulations logo on any republication of this material without the express, written permission of the Archivist of the United States or the Archivist’s designee. Any person using NARA’s official seals and logos in a manner inconsistent with the provisions of 36 CFR part 1200 is subject to the penalties specified in 18 U.S.C. 506, 701, and 1017. Use of ISBN Prefix This is the Official U.S. Government edition of this publication and is herein identified to certify its authenticity. Use of the 0–16 ISBN prefix is for U.S. Government Publishing Office Official Editions only. The Superintendent of Documents of the U.S. Government Publishing Office requests that any reprinted edition clearly be labeled as a copy of the authentic work with a new ISBN. U.S. Superintendent of Documents • Washington, DC 20402–0001 Phone: toll-free (866) 512-1800; DC area (202) 512-1800 VerDate Sep<11>2014 09:15 Mar 11, 2016 Jkt 238046 PO 00000 Frm 00002 Fmt 8092 Sfmt 8092 Y:\SGML\238046.XXX 238046 e:\seals\archives.ai</GPH> e:\seals\gpologo2.eps</GPH> jstallworth on DSK7TPTVN1PROD with CFR U.S. GOVERNMENT PUBLISHING OFFICE Table of Contents Page Explanation ................................................................................................ v Title 14: Chapter I—Federal Aviation Administration, Department of Transportation ............................................................................ 3 jstallworth on DSK7TPTVN1PROD with CFR Finding Aids: Table of CFR Titles and Chapters ....................................................... 1061 Alphabetical List of Agencies Appearing in the CFR ......................... 1081 List of CFR Sections Affected ............................................................. 1091 iii VerDate Sep<11>2014 09:15 Mar 11, 2016 Jkt 238046 PO 00000 Frm 00003 Fmt 8092 Sfmt 8092 Y:\SGML\238046.XXX 238046 Cite this Code: CFR jstallworth on DSK7TPTVN1PROD with CFR To cite the regulations in this volume use title, part and section number. Thus, 14 CFR 1.1 refers to title 14, part 1, section 1. iv VerDate Sep<11>2014 09:15 Mar 11, 2016 Jkt 238046 PO 00000 Frm 00004 Fmt 8092 Sfmt 8092 Y:\SGML\238046.XXX 238046 Explanation The Code of Federal Regulations is a codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the Executive departments and agencies of the Federal Government. The Code is divided into 50 titles which represent broad areas subject to Federal regulation. Each title is divided into chapters which usually bear the name of the issuing agency. Each chapter is further subdivided into parts covering specific regulatory areas. Each volume of the Code is revised at least once each calendar year and issued on a quarterly basis approximately as follows: Title 1 through Title 16..............................................................as of January 1 Title 17 through Title 27 .................................................................as of April 1 Title 28 through Title 41 ..................................................................as of July 1 Title 42 through Title 50 .............................................................as of October 1 The appropriate revision date is printed on the cover of each volume. LEGAL STATUS The contents of the Federal Register are required to be judicially noticed (44 U.S.C. 1507). The Code of Federal Regulations is prima facie evidence of the text of the original documents (44 U.S.C. 1510). HOW TO USE THE CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS The Code of Federal Regulations is kept up to date by the individual issues of the Federal Register. These two publications must be used together to determine the latest version of any given rule. To determine whether a Code volume has been amended since its revision date (in this case, January 1, 2016), consult the ‘‘List of CFR Sections Affected (LSA),’’ which is issued monthly, and the ‘‘Cumulative List of Parts Affected,’’ which appears in the Reader Aids section of the daily Federal Register. These two lists will identify the Federal Register page number of the latest amendment of any given rule. EFFECTIVE AND EXPIRATION DATES jstallworth on DSK7TPTVN1PROD with CFR Each volume of the Code contains amendments published in the Federal Register since the last revision of that volume of the Code. Source citations for the regulations are referred to by volume number and page number of the Federal Register and date of publication. Publication dates and effective dates are usually not the same and care must be exercised by the user in determining the actual effective date. In instances where the effective date is beyond the cutoff date for the Code a note has been inserted to reflect the future effective date. In those instances where a regulation published in the Federal Register states a date certain for expiration, an appropriate note will be inserted following the text. OMB CONTROL NUMBERS The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1980 (Pub. L. 96–511) requires Federal agencies to display an OMB control number with their information collection request. v VerDate Sep<11>2014 09:15 Mar 11, 2016 Jkt 238046 PO 00000 Frm 00005 Fmt 8008 Sfmt 8092 Y:\SGML\238046.XXX 238046 Many agencies have begun publishing numerous OMB control numbers as amendments to existing regulations in the CFR. These OMB numbers are placed as close as possible to the applicable recordkeeping or reporting requirements. PAST PROVISIONS OF THE CODE Provisions of the Code that are no longer in force and effect as of the revision date stated on the cover of each volume are not carried. Code users may find the text of provisions in effect on any given date in the past by using the appropriate List of CFR Sections Affected (LSA). For the convenience of the reader, a ‘‘List of CFR Sections Affected’’ is published at the end of each CFR volume. For changes to the Code prior to the LSA listings at the end of the volume, consult previous annual editions of the LSA. For changes to the Code prior to 2001, consult the List of CFR Sections Affected compilations, published for 19491963, 1964-1972, 1973-1985, and 1986-2000. ‘‘[RESERVED]’’ TERMINOLOGY The term ‘‘[Reserved]’’ is used as a place holder within the Code of Federal Regulations. An agency may add regulatory information at a ‘‘[Reserved]’’ location at any time. Occasionally ‘‘[Reserved]’’ is used editorially to indicate that a portion of the CFR was left vacant and not accidentally dropped due to a printing or computer error. INCORPORATION BY REFERENCE What is incorporation by reference? Incorporation by reference was established by statute and allows Federal agencies to meet the requirement to publish regulations in the Federal Register by referring to materials already published elsewhere. For an incorporation to be valid, the Director of the Federal Register must approve it. The legal effect of incorporation by reference is that the material is treated as if it were published in full in the Federal Register (5 U.S.C. 552(a)). This material, like any other properly issued regulation, has the force of law. What is a proper incorporation by reference? The Director of the Federal Register will approve an incorporation by reference only when the requirements of 1 CFR part 51 are met. Some of the elements on which approval is based are: (a) The incorporation will substantially reduce the volume of material published in the Federal Register. (b) The matter incorporated is in fact available to the extent necessary to afford fairness and uniformity in the administrative process. (c) The incorporating document is drafted and submitted for publication in accordance with 1 CFR part 51. What if the material incorporated by reference cannot be found? If you have any problem locating or obtaining a copy of material listed as an approved incorporation by reference, please contact the agency that issued the regulation containing that incorporation. If, after contacting the agency, you find the material is not available, please notify the Director of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration, 8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, MD 20740-6001, or call 202-741-6010. jstallworth on DSK7TPTVN1PROD with CFR CFR INDEXES AND TABULAR GUIDES A subject index to the Code of Federal Regulations is contained in a separate volume, revised annually as of January 1, entitled CFR INDEX AND FINDING AIDS. This volume contains the Parallel Table of Authorities and Rules. A list of CFR titles, chapters, subchapters, and parts and an alphabetical list of agencies publishing in the CFR are also included in this volume. vi VerDate Sep<11>2014 09:15 Mar 11, 2016 Jkt 238046 PO 00000 Frm 00006 Fmt 8008 Sfmt 8092 Y:\SGML\238046.XXX 238046 An index to the text of ‘‘Title 3—The President’’ is carried within that volume. The Federal Register Index is issued monthly in cumulative form. This index is based on a consolidation of the ‘‘Contents’’ entries in the daily Federal Register. A List of CFR Sections Affected (LSA) is published monthly, keyed to the revision dates of the 50 CFR titles. REPUBLICATION OF MATERIAL There are no restrictions on the republication of material appearing in the Code of Federal Regulations. INQUIRIES For a legal interpretation or explanation of any regulation in this volume, contact the issuing agency. The issuing agency’s name appears at the top of odd-numbered pages. For inquiries concerning CFR reference assistance, call 202–741–6000 or write to the Director, Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration, 8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, MD 20740-6001 or e-mail [email protected] SALES The Government Publishing Office (GPO) processes all sales and distribution of the CFR. For payment by credit card, call toll-free, 866-512-1800, or DC area, 202-512-1800, M-F 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. e.s.t. or fax your order to 202-512-2104, 24 hours a day. For payment by check, write to: US Government Publishing Office – New Orders, P.O. Box 979050, St. Louis, MO 63197-9000. ELECTRONIC SERVICES The full text of the Code of Federal Regulations, the LSA (List of CFR Sections Affected), The United States Government Manual, the Federal Register, Public Laws, Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States, Compilation of Presidential Documents and the Privacy Act Compilation are available in electronic format via . For more information, contact the GPO Customer Contact Center, U.S. Government Publishing Office. Phone 202-512-1800, or 866-5121800 (toll-free). E-mail, [email protected] The Office of the Federal Register also offers a free service on the National Archives and Records Administration’s (NARA) World Wide Web site for public law numbers, Federal Register finding aids, and related information. Connect to NARA’s web site at . The e-CFR is a regularly updated, unofficial editorial compilation of CFR material and Federal Register amendments, produced by the Office of the Federal Register and the Government Publishing Office. It is available at . jstallworth on DSK7TPTVN1PROD with CFR OLIVER A. POTTS, Director, Office of the Federal Register. January 1, 2016. vii VerDate Sep<11>2014 09:15 Mar 11, 2016 Jkt 238046 PO 00000 Frm 00007 Fmt 8008 Sfmt 8092 Y:\SGML\238046.XXX 238046 jstallworth on DSK7TPTVN1PROD with CFR VerDate Sep<11>2014 09:15 Mar 11, 2016 Jkt 238046 PO 00000 Frm 00008 Fmt 8008 Sfmt 8092 Y:\SGML\238046.XXX 238046 THIS TITLE Title 14—AERONAUTICS AND SPACE is composed of five volumes. The parts in these volumes are arranged in the following order: Parts 1–59, 60–109, 110–199, 200– 1199, and part 1200–End. The first three volumes containing parts 1–199 are comprised of chapter I—Federal Aviation Administration, Department of Transportation (DOT). The fourth volume containing parts 200–1199 is comprised of chapter II—Office of the Secretary, DOT (Aviation Proceedings) and chapter III—Commercial Space Transportation, Federal Aviation Administration, DOT. The fifth volume containing part 1200–End is comprised of chapter V—National Aeronautics and Space Administration and chapter VI—Air Transportation System Stabilization. The contents of these volumes represent all current regulations codified under this title of the CFR as of January 1, 2016. jstallworth on DSK7TPTVN1PROD with CFR For this volume, Susannah C. Hurley was Chief Editor. The Code of Federal Regulations publication program is under the direction of John Hyrum Martinez, assisted by Stephen J. Frattini. ix VerDate Sep<11>2014 09:15 Mar 11, 2016 Jkt 238046 PO 00000 Frm 00009 Fmt 8092 Sfmt 8092 Y:\SGML\238046.XXX 238046 jstallworth on DSK7TPTVN1PROD with CFR VerDate Sep<11>2014 09:15 Mar 11, 2016 Jkt 238046 PO 00000 Frm 00010 Fmt 8092 Sfmt 8092 Y:\SGML\238046.XXX 238046 Title 14—Aeronautics and Space (This book contains parts 1 to 59) Part Aviation Administration, Department of Transportation ............................................................... jstallworth on DSK7TPTVN1PROD with CFR CHAPTER I—Federal 1 VerDate Sep<11>2014 09:15 Mar 11, 2016 Jkt 238046 PO 00000 Frm 00011 Fmt 8008 Sfmt 8008 Y:\SGML\238046.XXX 238046 1 jstallworth on DSK7TPTVN1PROD with CFR VerDate Sep<11>2014 09:15 Mar 11, 2016 Jkt 238046 PO 00000 Frm 00012 Fmt 8008 Sfmt 8008 Y:\SGML\238046.XXX 238046 CHAPTER I—FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SUBCHAPTER A—DEFINITIONS AND GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Part 1 3 5 Page Definitions and abbreviations ................................. General requirements .............................................. Safety management systems ................................... 5 20 21 SUBCHAPTER B—PROCEDURAL RULES 11 13 14 15 16 17 General rulemaking procedures .............................. Investigative and enforcement procedures .............. Rules implementing the Equal Access to Justice Act of 1980 ............................................................ Administrative claims under Federal Tort Claims Act ....................................................................... Rules of practice for Federally-assisted airport enforcement proceedings. ........................................ Procedures for protests and contract disputes ........ 26 37 82 88 93 114 SUBCHAPTER C—AIRCRAFT 21 23 25 26 27 jstallworth on DSK7TPTVN1PROD with CFR 29 31 33 34 Certification procedures for products and parts ..... Airworthiness standards: Normal, utility, acrobatic, and commuter category airplanes .............. Airworthiness standards: Transport category airplanes ................................................................... Continued airworthiness and safety improvements for transport category airplanes .......................... Airworthiness standards: Normal category rotorcraft ..................................................................... Airworthiness standards: Transport category rotorcraft ............................................................. Airworthiness standards: Manned free balloons ...... Airworthiness standards: Aircraft engines .............. Fuel venting and exhaust emission requirements for turbine engine powered airplanes ................... 3 VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:38 Mar 11, 2016 Jkt 238046 PO 00000 Frm 00013 Fmt 8008 Sfmt 8008 Y:\SGML\238046.XXX 238046 131 176 366 639 654 740 859 866 911 14 CFR Ch. I (1–1–16 Edition) Part 35 36 39 43 45 47 48 49 jstallworth on DSK7TPTVN1PROD with CFR 50–59 Page Airworthiness standards: Propellers ....................... Noise standards: Aircraft type and airworthiness certification ......................................................... Airworthiness directives ......................................... Maintenance, preventive maintenance, rebuilding, and alteration ...................................................... Identification and registration marking ................. Aircraft registration ............................................... Registration and marking requirements for small unmanned aircraft ............................................... Recording of aircraft titles and security documents ................................................................... [Reserved] 4 VerDate Sep<11>2014 15:38 Mar 11, 2016 Jkt 238046 PO 00000 Frm 00014 Fmt 8008 Sfmt 8008 Y:\SGML\238046.XXX 238046 923 931 1009 1011 1027 1033 1048 1052 SUBCHAPTER A—DEFINITIONS AND GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Airport means an area of land or water that is used or intended to be used for the landing and takeoff of aircraft, and includes its buildings and facilities, if any. Airship means an engine-driven lighter-than-air aircraft that can be steered. Air traffic means aircraft operating in the air or on an airport surface, exclusive of loading ramps and parking areas. Air traffic clearance means an authorization by air traffic control, for the purpose of preventing collision between known aircraft, for an aircraft to proceed under specified traffic conditions within controlled airspace. Air traffic control means a service operated by appropriate authority to promote the safe, orderly, and expeditious flow of air traffic. Air Traffic Service (ATS) route is a specified route designated for channeling the flow of traffic as necessary for the provision of air traffic services. The term ‘‘ATS route’’ refers to a variety of airways, including jet routes, area navigation (RNAV) routes, and arrival and departure routes. An ATS route is defined by route specifications, which may include: (1) An ATS route designator; (2) The path to or from significant points; (3) Distance between significant points; (4) Reporting requirements; and (5) The lowest safe altitude determined by the appropriate authority. Air transportation means interstate, overseas, or foreign air transportation or the transportation of mail by aircraft. Alert Area. An alert area is established to inform pilots of a specific area wherein a high volume of pilot training or an unusual type of aeronautical activity is conducted. Alternate airport means an airport at which an aircraft may land if a landing at the intended airport becomes inadvisable. Altitude engine means a reciprocating aircraft engine having a rated takeoff PART 1—DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS Sec. 1.1 General definitions. 1.2 Abbreviations and symbols. 1.3 Rules of construction. jstallworth on DSK7TPTVN1PROD with CFR AUTHORITY: 49 U.S.C. 106(f), 106(g), 40113, 44701. § 1.1 General definitions. As used in Subchapters A through K of this chapter, unless the context requires otherwise: Administrator means the Federal Aviation Administrator or any person to whom he has delegated his authority in the matter concerned. Aerodynamic coefficients means nondimensional coefficients for aerodynamic forces and moments. Air carrier means a person who undertakes directly by lease, or other arrangement, to engage in air transportation. Air commerce means interstate, overseas, or foreign air commerce or the transportation of mail by aircraft o...
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