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Explain why the height of the breadwinner-caregiver family in the 1950s was an anomaly. That is, what made the 1950s so unusual for families?GI bill: government supported families. Education, housing, job market. Low unemployment rate. US major country in good economic shapeSmall depression cohort and more opportunitiesWhat are economic, demographic, and cultural/psychological explanations for the growth of mothers' labor force participation?Economic- inflation, declining of male wages. Couples become dual earners to be economically stable. More female type jobs Demographic- more women go to college. Declining mortality. decline in fertility, women have a huge span of time and have less children. Cultural/psychological-raise in affective individualism (women want to work) womens rights movement. Civil rights act helped curved discrimination in labor market. Raise in education and want to do what they learned. Explain how most families, including middle class families, receive substantial assistance from the federal government.Mortgage interest deduction. Social security. Programs that broadly support most American families. Explain at least three reasons for welfare reform (1996).Additudes towards women’ss roles; more women in the work force. The poor are more dependent. Undeserving poor. Hands up vs. hands out What were two effects of welfare reform on families? More single mothers were working. Caseloads declined. Work increased and work and no welfare increased dramatically. What is the EITC and how does it support families? Why is it politically popular, i.e., a practical compromise?EITC- earned income tax credit- provides a refundable tax credit to employedincome families. Designed to help low wage work get some help. For low wage working parents. Largest anti-poverty for children. It is our biggest program to help poor children. Why is it popular? Helps the poor but more, it helps the working poor. No one see it and it is in the tax system and is not a visible program. Discuss the difference between sex andgender. Why is it important to examine gender roles in the context of a certain society and period of time?Sex vs. Gender.Sex is biological distinction. Gender is social distinction. Gender all the things we elaborate to differentiategender. Hair length. Dating heights. Why is it important? Gender is socially constructed is time and place specific. Gender in the US now is very different than gender in the US in 1950 and Gender is different now in other country’s. Gender is context specific. Provide an individual, interactional, and institutional explanation for why women provide more household caregiving than men. Individual- caregiving, cleaning, cooking are considered more of the women’s identity.Interactional- all that happened in an interaction- the husband expects the wife to do more. Employer doesn’t let husband have time off for children because he must have a wife.Institutional- gender wage gaps. More economic sense for the women to stay home. Cultural norms. Things that go on in a highmacro level Explain why income inequality has increased in the US (give at least three specific reasons).