HD 261 Study Guide Prelim 2 - Marisa Lusthaus October 13,...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Marisa Lusthaus October 13, 2007 HD 261 Prelim # 2 Review How important is attachment? Kagan- attachment is strongly related to temperament; others like Bowlby focus on attachment as the core of social development. In responsive caring relationship, it makes the child self value go up since they are worth of being cared for. Attachment John Bolby Strong affectionate relationship between two people o o Desire to maintain proximity: child wants to be with caregiver Attachment is important throughout the life span Emotional bonding o Sensitive Period: reasonable time frame needed to form attachments. With adoption, can still form secure attachments, there is a flexibility in age which child can develop relationships Interactional Synchrony o Characterizes way in which attachment occurs i.e. infant smiles parent smiles back this is a synchronous exchange. o Infant expects reaction to elicit a certain reaction. Trying to get attention of parents when parent has a ‘Still Face’, the child freaks out & stresses. o 2-6 Months Attachment Phases 1. Asocial Phase : Infant responds to all types of stimulation. They are indiscriminate for social versus non-social. Birth – 6 weeks 2. Phase of Indiscriminate Attachments : Infants start to respond to social stimulation but are indiscriminate for familiar versus non-familiar. 6 weeks – 6/7 months 3. Specific Attachment Phase: Important transition to the attachment stage, 1 st genuine attachment formed. Stranger & Separation Anxiety, Secure base & exploratory behavior (mother = secure base; allows infant to act independent). 7-9 months 4. Phase of Multiple Attachments: Attached to other people (father, grandparents etc), by 18 months. Psychoanalytic Theories Attachments form as a result of drive reduction (pleasures & urges). Freud Oral stage feeding.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Attachments form as a result of infant trusting mother. Erikson’s basic trust vs. mistrust. Learning Theory Attachments form as a result of association of care-taking with the mother o Mother becomes secondary reinforcer (conversational connections) o Positive responses (synchrony) o Comforts: feeding and touch * very important o Feeding versus tactile stimulation (creature comfort) o Monkeys reared by 2 surrogate mothers o Manipulations: mother type (cloth vs. wire) and feeding mother (cloth vs. wire). Measure: Time spent with mother (dependent variable) o He found that monkeys spent most of their time with the cloth mother. It didn’t matter what type of mother fed them, they still preferred the cloth mother. Cognitive Development Theory
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 10/08/2008 for the course MISC 2610 taught by Professor Mikels,j. during the Fall '07 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

Page1 / 12

HD 261 Study Guide Prelim 2 - Marisa Lusthaus October 13,...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online