HD 261 Study Guide Prelim 4 - HD 261 Study Guide Prelim # 4...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
HD 261 Study Guide Prelim # 4 December 11, 2007 7:00 – 9:30 Family Systems Theory Family Life cycle model o Childrearing transitions (e.g. child birth, early childhood, adolescence effect family) o Focus on mother-infant relationship o Social Systems o Network of reciprocal relationships (e.g. infant, mother, father, greater social network). 1) Entirety of the system more than the constituent parts. 2) The family systems theory is influenced by the bronfenbrenner’s theory o 3) Family level of analysis Focus on communication, conflict, separateness and connectedness, cohesion and adaptation to stress o 4) Transactional model This is comparable to Bandura’s reciprocal determinism o 5) Nuclear Family Mother, father and child. Neglects other members (i.e. grandparents) Direct Effects : Influences of one family member on another (e.g. attachment between the mother and the infant) Second-Order Effects : Influences of a third family member on a dyad (e.g. father) Changes in the Family System ( Hernandez) o Moving off the farm: farm families breadwinner/housewife families dual earner families o Smaller family size : 1865: 82% five or more children 1930: 57% one- three children o Increased Schooling : 1870: 50% of 5-19 year olds, 1940: 95% of 7-13 year olds; 79% of 14-17 year olds Dimensions of Parenting Acceptance/responsiveness o Support and affection from parents e.g. attachment Demandingness/control o Regulation by parents e.g. parenting patterns Patterns of Parenting (Baumrind) o Authoritarian : very restrictive punishment; moody unhappy children – average in cognitive and social skills
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
o Authoritative : controlling but flexible, rational, & democratic; socially well-adjusted children – high in cognitive and social skills o Permissive : accepting but lax, few demands on child; impulsive, self- centered – low in cognitive and social skills. o Uninvolved : extremely lax, neglectful, aggressive, selfish, rebellious children – many social problems Parental Control o Behavioral Control: regulation, supervision, and monitoring behavior, leads to positive socialization o Psychological control: guilt induction, love withdrawal. The goal ofit is to create emotional dependence. This type of control thwarts autonomy; increased delinquency, anxiety, depression Siblings o Sibling Rivalry : competition, jealousy, resentment o Positive Influences: learning, perspective-taking, moral development, emotional support o Sibling Attachment: Stewart Participants: 54 family groups. Mother, infant (14.1 months) child (m 3.7 yrs) Method: Ainsworth’s strange situation modified: mother leaves infant alone with sibling, stranger enters Measure: attachment behavior (comforting) Results: 52% of older siblings responded to distress (care-giving siblings) infant calmed. Theolder siblings couldcalm their
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 10/08/2008 for the course HD 2610 taught by Professor Mikels,j. during the Fall '07 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

Page1 / 11

HD 261 Study Guide Prelim 4 - HD 261 Study Guide Prelim # 4...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online