HD STUDY GUIDE 1 - HD STUDY GUIDE Social Transitions Need...

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HD STUDY GUIDE! Social Transitions - Need to take a multidisciplinary approach to understanding adolescent development - Period of transitions: biological(onset of puberty/capable of sexual reproduction), psychological, social, and economic - Biologist (attainment &completion of puberty), Attorney (impt. Age breaks designated by law), Educational (differences in students enrolled in different grades). - Development during adolescence is a series of transitions from immaturity to maturity - Early Adolescence: 10-13 Middle Adolescence: 14-17 Late Adolescence (Youth/ Emerging Adulthood): 18-22 - John Hill’s framework around 3 basic components: fundamental changes of adolescence, the contexts of adolescence, and psychosocial developments of adolescence. o Fundamental : 3 features – 1)the onset of puberty 2) the emergence of more advance thinking abilities and 3) the transitions into new roles in society. All adolescents experience these things. o Context: effects of changes are not uniform – Ecological perspective on human development says that we cannot understand development without examining the settings, or context, in which it occurs. [Families, Peer Groups, School, Work and leisure] o Psychosocial Development: five sets of development issues – identity, autonomy, intimacy, sexuality and achievement. - Hall believed that the development of the individual paralleled the development of the human species, a notion in his theory referred to as recapitulation. Infancy=time in evol. When primitive Adols=evol. Of our species into civilization o Development determined primarily by instinct (biological and genetic forces NOT environment) o Adolescence is a period of storm and stress --- hormonal changes =upheaval affects individual and those around the indiv. - Organismic(Psychoanalytic theorists): stress biological changes of adolescence but also take into account how contextual forces interact. o Freud: development best understood in terms of psychosexual conflicts that arise at different points. Adolescence is also seen as a time of upheaval. Hormonal changes pset the psychic balance that had been achieved during the prior psychosexual stage, called ‘latency’. Main challenge is restoring psychic balance and resolve conflicts. o Erikson: focused on psychosocial crises characteristic of each period of growth. Stressed psychosocial rather than the psychosexual conflicts. Challenge of Adolescence: Resolve the identity crisis successfully and to emerge with a coherent sense of who one is and where one is headed.
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o Piaget: examine changes in nature of thinking or cognition. Transition from concrete to abstract thought. Emphasizes interplay between biological and contextual forces. -
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HD STUDY GUIDE 1 - HD STUDY GUIDE Social Transitions Need...

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