Social Etiology and Illness Behavior

Social Etiology and Illness Behavior - Social Etiology and...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Social Etiology and I llness Behavior Epidemiology and Social Etiology I. Epidemiology, Sociology and Social Etiology A. Epidemiology 1. Rates a. Rates of disease and disability 2. Distribution of Disease in Populations: Not just how many people have it, but who? a. Surveillance • Tracking diseases • Rates of new cases, populations that a disease affects • Monitor if conditions are getting better or worse b. Causal Attribution • Look for clues to the cause c. Illustration: John Snow • The first person to apply epidemiology publically • Observed that people who drank the water from a certain pump on Broad Street during a cholera epidemic were more likely to die of cholera than others • Took of the pump handle and stopped the epidemic • Introduced anesthetics A. Attributing Causes or Disease Etiology 1. Case Definition: how do you know that you have a case of something? a. Is someone who gets breast cancer, gets a mastectomy, goes into remission, but then gets it again 5 years later, is this a 2 cases or 1? b. Is someone that gets breast cancer that then metastasizes to the bones, is this a case of bone cancer or not? c. How depressed do you have to be to be depressed? d. AIDS: there is an official guideline for diagnosing AIDS cases. 2. How to Count a. Incidence : rate of new occurrences b. Prevalence: number of existing cases c. T reated Incidence or T reated Prevalence : • Not everyone seeks medical attention or has access d. "True" Prevalence or "True" I ncidence • Surveys e. Some disease have to be reported to the state health...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 5

Social Etiology and Illness Behavior - Social Etiology and...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online