Chapter 14 (word)

Chapter 14 (word) - Chapter 14-Power and Politics (13...

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Chapter 14-Power and Politics (13 questions) Power -A capacity that A has to influence the behavior of B so that B acts in accordance with A’s wishes. -Power may exist but not used, it’s a capacity or potential -Leaders use power to attain group goals Dependency: -Most important function of power is dependency -The greater B’s dependence on A, the greater A’s power is in the relationship -Based on alternatives that B perceives and the importance that B places on the alternatives that’s A controls What Creates Dependency: - Importance of the resource to the organization - Scarcity of the resource - Nonsubstitutability of the resource A person can have power over you only if he/she controls something you desire EX: A parent controls the amount they pay for your tuition Difference Between Leadership and Power: -Power doesn’t require goal compatibility -Leadership requires some congruence between the goals of the leaders and those being led -Leadership also focuses on downward influence on one’s followers, minimizing the importance of upward and lateral influence patterns, power does not -Power is used to gain lateral and upward influence. -Leadership research emphasizes style Managing With Power: “When is Power Used”? Summary List of Power Creating Circumstances: The Big Three 1. When resources are scarce 2. When goals and objectives are unclear 3. When performance is difficult to measure Less Critical Factors 4. Where there are minimal external threats 5. Where there exists a certain level of dependency 6. Where there is moderate to high uncertainty
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Bases of Power Formal Power -Is based on an individuals position in an organization -Can come from the ability to coerce or reward, or from formal authority Coercive Power: -One reacts to this power out of fear of negative results that might occur -The threat of application, or physical sanctions -Can come from with holding information EX: If A has coercive power over B in an organization, A can assign B to work activities that B finds unpleasant or treat B in a manner that B finds embarrassing Giving a negative Can actually backfire, negatively related to employee satisfaction
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Chapter 14 (word) - Chapter 14-Power and Politics (13...

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