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Unformatted text preview: Introduction to Sport & Exercise Psychology What is SEP?
Scientific study of people and their behaviors in sport and exercise activities and the Practical application of that knowledge Objectives of SEP
Understand the effects of psychological factors on performance Understand the effects of physical activity participation on psychological development, health, and wellbeing Who can use SEP?
Elite athletes Youth sport participants Disabled athletes Elderly athletes/exercisers "Average" athletes/exercisers Anyone who wants to maximize their sport/exercise experience Peak performance Personal satisfaction, enjoyment Physical, psychological development Roles of SEP Professionals
Conduct Research Teach Conduct, publish, and present original research Kinesiology department Psychology department Consult with athletes/exercisers Individuals, teams, coaches, injured athletes, sports medicine personnel Specialties in SEP
Clinical SEP Licensed psychologists Can treat athletes with clinical disorders Depression Eating disorders Substance abuse Educational SEP Background mainly in kinesiology "mental coach" specialize in teaching psychological skills Cannot treat athletes with clinical disorders
Often take courses in psychology "Psychology": A Protected Term
Who can call themselves a "sport psychologist?" Ways of Knowing in SEP
Scientific knowledge Profession practice knowledge SEP as a Social Science
Derive knowledge through scientific method Systematic approach Control Empirical Critical Goal is to build theory
Testable Falsifiable A set of interrelated facts that describe, explain, and predict some phenomenon SEP as a Social Science
Study Research in which variables are observed or assessed, but are not manipulated Experiment Variables are manipulated (IVs) to determine how changes in one variable affects other variables (DVs)
Experimental group(s) Control group Design a Study/Experiment Exercise
What is your research question? Hypotheses Identify independent and dependent variables Age Gender Reaction time Anxiety Confidence Selfesteem Imagery Performance Leadership Audience Motivation Strengths & Weaknesses of Scientific Method
Strengths Objective, unbiased data Systematic, controlled High internal reliability Weaknesses Slow process, time consuming Reductionistic Low external reliability Professional Practice Knowledge
Knowledge gained through experience Scientific method Systematic observation Case study Shared public experience Introspection Intuition Strengths & Weaknesses of PPK
Strengths Holistic Ready for immediate use Innovative, novel techniques Weaknesses Lack of objectivity, biased Low explanatory power Low reliability Bridging the Gap Between Science and Practice
Why does this gap exist? Stereotypes of researchers and practitioners Lack of applied forums Unrealistic claims/expectations on the part of researchers and practitioners Poor research Lack of validation of techniques by practitioners Bridging the Gap Between Science and Practice (cont.)
How to bridge the gap?
Researchers Practitioners Develop mutual trust and understanding Blend theory and practice Talk and listen to practitioners Choose more practical research problems Increase knowledge of research and sport sciences in general Understand the research process Conduct own research?? collaborate?? SEP Orientations
Psychophysiological Understand behavior through physiological processes (in brain) Understand behavior through complex interaction between the person and the environment Understand behavior through one's cognitions and interpretations Socialpsychological Cognitivebehavioral Brief History of SEP
1897: Norman Triplett 1st sport psychology experiment 1920s30s: Coleman Griffith "Father of North American Sport Psychology" 1940s60s: Franklin Henry use of science 1966: Ogilvie & Tutko "Problem athletes and how to handle them" Organizations in SEP
AASP NASPSPA www.aaasponline.org www.naspspa.org www.apa.org/divisions/div47/ www.aahperd.org www.issponline.org APA Division 47 AAHPERD ISSP SEP Journals
Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology (NASPSPA) The Sport Psychologist Journal of Applied Sport Psychology (AASP) International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology (ISSP) How can you use SEP in your career?
Get in groups based on your career interests: Physical Education Coach/Personal Trainer Physical Therapist Medicine/Athletic Training How can you use SEP psychology in your career?? BE SPECIFIC!! ...
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- Summer '07