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Identify and Describe Broken Windows Theory and how it can be used to reduce crime. Describe the strengths and weaknesses of the theory. Of the weaknesses you've identified above, Explain what you consider as the main criticism of the Broken Windows theory and explain your reasoning as to why.The Broken Windows Theory suggests that once a neighborhood starts to “decay”, then the community will start to care less and the fear of crime within the community will increase. The strength to this theory is that there is a visible correlation between low income and run-down neighborhoods and violent crimes. The weakness is that a lot of people in these communities arenot willing to work with police officers on setting acceptable standards within the community.I think one of the main criticisms is the idea the low income areas are more susceptible to violentcrimes. Living in Detroit for years proved otherwise, but to the general public, it is seen as unfair to “judge a book by it’s cover”. Using the statistics to prove that this is, in fact, a reality, is frowned upon in today’s society.Using at least TWO academic reference, other than the textbook, explain why police patrol methods have remained basically reactive in nature for decades. Provide a detailed response Numerous studies have shown patrol has little effect on crime or the fear of crime. If so, Why do departments refuse to change? Provide a detailed responsePolice methods have remained basically reactive due to the nature of the job. The statistics used to show trends and crime rates are based on the previous year, so just in using an allocation method departments are setting up with a reactive mentality. Police are meant to be seen as a deterrent and as a sense of reassurance to the community, until a crime has been committed, that is when they react to the situation and do their jobs. It is impossible to predict what will happen before it happens in terms of routine crime, so for the most part police departments will remain reactive. In recent years, police departments have been taking more and more heat from the community for doing their jobs. Police are being viewed more critically than ever in today’s society. Laws are put in place for the best interest of the people, and police are hired in order to enforce those laws when they are broken. Sometimes, it is just easier to react to the crimes being committed, because more laws will not stop those who are already breaking laws to begin with.List and describe the five limitations of modern patrol allocation models. Then select one which you feel is especially important and explain why this problem stands out to you. What would yourecommend as a possible solution to the limitation you have identified?