Lecture slides Fall 08 Sept 9 Constitutionpt2

Lecture slides Fall 08 Sept 9 Constitutionpt2 - Lecture...

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Lecture Outline, 9/9/08 Articles of Confederation Post-war Problems under Articles Madison’s Virginia Plan Watering Down the Virginia Plan Connecticut Compromise Congress vs. the states Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances Creating an Independent Executive and Judiciary
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Revolutionary War First Continental Congress, 1774 Asserted home rule. Boycott British trade until it rescinds taxes and regulations. Second Continental Congress Declaration of Independence Declared selves “free and independent states” Drafted Articles of Confederation
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The Articles of Confederation Federation of independent states Weak central government: could not impose taxes Legislative dominance / No executive branch Each state has 1 vote in Congress Require 9 of 13 for major laws; all 13 to change Articles
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Postwar Problems Huge debt – and no taxing authority Trade / economic disputes among the states Lack of contribution to external defense Threat of internal chaos – debtor rebellions (Shays’ Rebellion), debt relief laws
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Lecture slides Fall 08 Sept 9 Constitutionpt2 - Lecture...

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