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Pg_71_104 - ISS 225 Notes from Reading The president is executive of the Executive branch of government and controls roughly 3 million employees

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ISS 225 Notes from Reading – The president is executive of the Executive branch of government and controls roughly 3 million employees. President surrounds himself with people that are going to carry out his platform and beliefs. It is easy for a president to remove one of his subordinates. Scandals: Nixon, and Clinton with Watergate and an affair respectively. Many staffers have been fired due to improper conduct. This means the president must be careful appointing people, and not give jobs to special interest groups and lobby representatives. President gave the power to the courts, usually with guns, citing the Little Rock, Arkansas case in 1957. Eisenhower sent paratroopers to Little Rock to stop governor Orval and the National Guard. Now in the TV age, presidents can broadcast their plans to Congress and appeal to the American people. Veto Power – To block ill-considered or unconstitutional bills from becoming law. This often forces Congress to modify the law so the president will not block it. Pocket Veto – The president does not act on the bill within 10 days of the adjournment of Congress, the bill dies. Leaving Congress able to do nothing. If the president does nothing while the Congress is in session the bill is put into law. To override a veto you need 2/3 yes vote in both houses of legislature. This is hard to do therefore seldom do in Congress. Bush didn’t veto anything in his first term, merely threatened the veto many times. Line Item Veto – Permits an executive power to strike specific provisions of appropriations or tax measure. Pork-barrel Legislation – Refers to government programs that may benefit a member’s state or district, as they are bringing home the bacon. Line Item Veto has been very controversial since its inception. Many had attempted to sue, claiming injury. Kennedy changed the way elections were run. He was good looking and utilized television which was a first. 3. Chief Diplomat: Wilson as president refused to recognize any government that came into existence using bullets not ballots. Through this logic he didn’t recognize Russia after Kerensky overthrow or Mexico after their revolution. In 1933 Roosevelt then made peace and recognized one of the world’s largest countries. Slowly as communist rule broke down in Eastern Europe the US started to recognize countries including Russia after the fall of the USSR. Presidents also sever ties, like with Cuba after Castro took over, 40 years later and still no ties. Treaties require the president and 2/3 of the Senate; this is harder than most would believe. A key to US foreign affairs bipartisanship, many presidents have asked for
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the help of previous presidents in dealing with foreign affairs, such as Carter with the Panama Canal Treaty, he used Ford. The US Senate rejected the Treaty of Versailles after World War I.
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Pg_71_104 - ISS 225 Notes from Reading The president is executive of the Executive branch of government and controls roughly 3 million employees

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