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pg._104-131 - V Congressional Power and Authority A The...

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V. Congressional Power and Authority – A. The Roles of Congress – The Congress is set up in a bicameral system which means it has two houses, the House of Representatives and the Senate. The Virginia Plan – Put forth by Gov. Randolph of Virginia. 1. A strong Central Gov. with 3 branches of government, legislative, executive, and judicial. 2. Bicameral system with one House elected directly by the people and the other chosen from candidates nominated by state legislatures. New Jersey Plan – Put forth by William Paterson of NJ. 1. Revision not replacement of the Articles of Confederation. 2. Creation of a unicameral House, reps chosen by state legislature. Each state would get only one vote. 3. Create National Post Office and impose duties to raise the national revenue. Connecticut Compromise – Put forth by the Representatives from Connecticut finding common ground between the two plans. Sometimes called the Great Compromise. States were considered equal in the Senate but the House was based on population in the State. The House had the power on determining monetary bills, and the Senate would be elected by State Legislatures not directly by the people. Three-Fifths Compromise – This was the agreement as it pertained to the blacks in the South. It meant that five blacks would be worth three in calculating population. Impeachment is the only way to remove a president; two presidents have been impeached by the House (Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton) neither was removed by the Senate. A better way to think of the American political system than “separation of powers” is separate institutions sharing power. Non-Legislative Roles – Amending the Constitution – Under Article V. Constitutional Amendments can be proposed with a 2/3 vote in both Houses. A constitutional Convention can be called by 2/3 of the States if they see fit. ¾ of States must ratify an amendment before it is law. Judicial Roles – The impeachment of Bill Clinton, he was impeached in 1998, this was because of finding that he could of lied under oath. This was close but eventually he was disapproved for removal from office. The Nixon Case First and only President to resign office. Nixon refused to turn over revealing tapes until they were ordered by the Supreme Court.
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