Study guide 1 with Answers

Study guide 1 with Answers - ISS 225, STUDY GUIDE, TEST...

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ISS 225, STUDY GUIDE, TEST NUMBER 1 FALL SEMESTER, 2008--PROFESSOR MOLLOY INTRODUCTION: KEY CONCEPTS What is power? Power is political ascendancy or control in the government of a country, and state. What does Professor John Kenneth Galbraith ( The Anatomy of Power) mean by the term condign power? Condign power wins submission by the ability to impose an alternative to the preferences of the individual or group that is sufficiently unpleasant or painful so that these preferences are abandoned. Compensatory power? Compensatory power, in contrast, wins submission by the offer of affirmative reward -- by giving of something of value to the individual so submitting. Conditioned power? Conditioned power, in contrast, is exercised by changing belief. Persuasion, education, or the social commitment to what seems natural, proper, or right causes the individual to submit to the will of another or of others. What is authority? The power to determine, adjudicate, or otherwise settle issues or disputes; jurisdiction; the right to control, command, or determine. Why is the use of coercive power and authority by government considered “legitimate?” Coercion involves trying to make the other side yield by reason of fear or actual force. It is considered “legitimate” because no can speak out against it, such as it was in Iraq. What was noted German Social Scientist Max Weber’s view of power and what did he consider the general sources of legitimacy? What did he mean by tradition, charisma and legality? What was the importance of C Wright Mills’ book, The Power Elite? What is autocracy? Rule by one, not the same as a dictatorship although one often leads to the other. Oligarchy? Literally translates to Rule by Few, usually a wealthy elite sect. Democracy? Means rule by the majority, America is a good example of this. What was the theory of the “Divine Right of Kings?” Why did absolute monarchy decline and fall? Abuse of power by a majority of dictators would lead to eventual down fall of almost all absolute monarchs. What is a constitutional monarchy? A constitutional monarchy , or a limited monarchy , is a form of constitutional government, wherein either an elected or hereditary monarch is the head of state, unlike in an absolute monarchy, wherein the king or the queen is the sole source of political power, as he or she is not legally bound by the national constitution. The constitutional monarchy's government and its law are the government and the law of a limited monarchy. Most constitutional monarchies have a parliamentary system (Canada, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Japan, Thailand, United Kingdom) in which the monarch is the head of state, but a directly- or indirectly-elected prime minister is head of government. What are some examples of 20 th Century dictatorships? Iran under Saddam Hussein during the 1990’s, and currently in Iran under President Ahmadinejad. What kind of power was exercised by Hitler in Germany, Mussolini in Italy and Stalin in the Soviet Union? Supreme law, they controlled every aspect of the government including shutting down
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Study guide 1 with Answers - ISS 225, STUDY GUIDE, TEST...

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