american poli culture midterm review Q

american poli culture midterm review Q - 1 The Evidence...

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Unformatted text preview: 1. The Evidence that leads Phil Converse to conclude that most Americans have low levels of ideological constraint. • Ideology: system of interconnected beliefs about poli • Ideological Constraints: opinions about one issue are strongly related to opinions about another issue • Correlation: (-1) perfect negative relationship [one goes up the other goes down]; 0 no relationship at all; (+1) perfect positive relationship (both goes same direction) predict with 100% accuracy • Correlation +/- 0.3 is weak; between +/- 0.3- +/- 0.7 moderate; greater than +/- 0.7 is strong • Average correlation 0.23- finding indicates low level of ideological constrain in the American Public • Potential Flaws: maybe people hold their own different ideologies, Converse claims low over time stability (0.39) indicated otherwise • Converse: small portion of population holds real attitudes, the rest hold “nonattitudes” (don’t pay attention to politics) • Most political scientists agree with Converse, but they disagree with the nonattitudes conclusion 2. How political interest and knowledge affect a person’s level of ideological constraint • As people gain more political knowledge and interest they become more ideological- you learn what is “supposed to” go with what • Lower interest 0.13, higher interest 0.33 (general population), our class was 0.34, people who go to conventions 0.7, congress 0.9 (levels of interest in politics) • Members of congress (0.9) are ideologically constrained 3. How we should interpret data on American’s self-reported political ideology • Symbolic lib/con: how you self identify • Operational lib/con: positions on specific issues • Symbolic/self identify- large number of people don’t know (25%); true number of ppl who don’t know is higher; 25% of people are middle of the road moderates; people tend to stay away from extremes; 31% total self identify as con; 19% self identify as lib 4. The difference between being a symbolic liberal (or conservative) versus an operational liberal or conservative, and how that matters to American politics • Symbolic lib/con: how you self identify • Operational lib/con: positions on specific issues • Symbolic/self identify- large number of people don’t know (25%); true number of ppl who don’t know is higher; 25% of people are middle of the road moderates; people tend to stay away from extremes; 31% total self identify as con; 19% self identify as lib • Operational example- increase spending on more programs than cut are classified as operational liberals (reverse is true for operational con) • Operational lib and sym lib 24%; Op lib and sym con 22%; Op con and sym lib 2%; Op con and sym con 8% (not 100% because some people split easily on issues and couldn’t be classified) • Possible confusion about mismatched symbolic and operational because people don’t know the political meanings • Helps explains things like how spending costs are often proposed but never...
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american poli culture midterm review Q - 1 The Evidence...

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