Chapter 6.docx - Chapter 6 Gender Comparisons in Social and...

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Chapter 6: Gender Comparisons in Social and Personality Characteristics In this Chapter… - We will explore gender comparisons in three main areas: o Communication patterns o Characteristics related to helping and caring o Characteristics related to aggression and power Factors Related to Social Setting - Gender differences are usually largest when other people are present - Gender differences are generally largest when gender is prominent and other shared roles are minimized (Ex: At a bar vs. at a professional concert) - Gender differences are usually largest when the behavior requires specific gender related skills (Ex: Males more likely to pull over and help someone change their tire) Communication Patterns - Talkativeness o Several studies show no substantial differences between males and females o *** KNOW THIS *** - Interruptions o Men tend to interrupt more frequently than women do - Language style o Boys and men are likely to curse more often and to use a larger vocabulary of obscene words compared to girls and women - The content of language o Women and men are equally likely to talk about four categories of topics: A person of the other gender A person of the same gender Academic issues Jobs o There was one topic that differed significantly between men and women – what was it? SPORTS *** KNOW THIS *** Nonverbal Communication - Nonverbal communication refers to all forms of human communication that do not focus on the actual words - Decoding ability o This refers to your skills in looking at another person’s nonverbal behavior and figuring out what emotion that person is feeling o Women are better than men at decoding nonverbal expressions accurately
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Potential Explanations for Gender Differences in Communication - Power and Social Status Explanation o The most effective explanation for gender differences in communication is that men have more power and social status in our culture o LaFrance & Henley (1997) Theories of gender differences in decoding abilities Our culture assigns dominant status to men and subordinate status to women Subordinate assistant would have to pick up nonverbal cues of boss and not give bad news – rather than him be sensitive to her feelings – nothing to gain - Social Learning Explanations o Social status and power cannot account for the gender differences in nonverbal decoding ability o Hall et al. (2000) Study of high-status vs. low-status university employees smiling patterns o The social learning approach argues that our culture provides roles, expectations,
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