NOTES 10-18 iss - • Robert Merton o Writing in 1938 o Focused on two social structures Culturally defined goals purposes and interests Moral and

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NOTES 10/18/07 Behaviorists Watson and Skinner John Broadus Watson (1878-1958) Burrhus Frederic Skinner o Did not focus on stages of consciousness or mental processes o Focus on the observable o “operant conditioning” o Stimulus and response Behavioral theory o Positive result >> reinforced o Negative result >> extinguished Ivan Petrovich Pavlov o (1849-1936) o Studying the digestive system o Association between dogs drooling and people wearing lab coats o Then introduced the bell and the famous “Pavlov’s dog” experiment Social Learning Theory Expansion on behaviorism Changes in behavior o Not necessarily based on operant conditioning o Can be learned by observation Albert Bandura, 1959 Bandura- famous Bobo, the inflatable clown, study o Used at a theory for more recent studies of the effects of television, video games, music videos… CLASS 16 - STRAIN THEORY Strain Theory
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Unformatted text preview: • Robert Merton o Writing in 1938 o Focused on two social structures Culturally defined goals, purposes, and interests Moral and institutional regulations Means and ends theory • Society defines “ends” • Society provides or limits the “means” to get to the ends • Cultural patterning o Conformity o Innovation o Ritualism o Retreatism o Rebellion • General strain theory o Robert Agnew o 1953-still going strong o Expanded the “goals” from monetary to broader life circumstances o Three major types of strain Failure to achieve something of value Loss of something of value Presentation of something negative • Thing about today o What would be the goals that the dominant society embraces Material goals Status or achievement goals Do the reading assignment: class conflict and law (Marx, 1956/2004)...
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This note was uploaded on 03/18/2008 for the course ISS 210 taught by Professor Zimmerman during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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NOTES 10-18 iss - • Robert Merton o Writing in 1938 o Focused on two social structures Culturally defined goals purposes and interests Moral and

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