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Unformatted text preview: • Robert Merton o Writing in 1938 o Focused on two social structures Culturally defined goals, purposes, and interests Moral and institutional regulations Means and ends theory • Society defines “ends” • Society provides or limits the “means” to get to the ends • Cultural patterning o Conformity o Innovation o Ritualism o Retreatism o Rebellion • General strain theory o Robert Agnew o 1953-still going strong o Expanded the “goals” from monetary to broader life circumstances o Three major types of strain Failure to achieve something of value Loss of something of value Presentation of something negative • Thing about today o What would be the goals that the dominant society embraces Material goals Status or achievement goals Do the reading assignment: class conflict and law (Marx, 1956/2004)...
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