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RELS101 Vocab 3

RELS101 Vocab 3 - REL S 101 EXAM#3 WESTERN RELIGIONS...

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REL S 101 – EXAM #3 – WESTERN RELIGIONS Zoroastrianism 1. Zoroastrianism – non-Biblical, text-based religion (the major religion in the Middle East before Islam). Conflict between Good and Evil, Importance of prophets Change. Judgment Day (Apocalypse). Shares similarities with other Western religions but has its own history. 2. Gatha – Revelation 3. Mazda – name of their single God, originally God of light/fire 4. Zarathustra – (or Zoroaster) founder of Zoroastrianism Judaism 5. Mount Horeb – mountain where Moses receives 10 commandments (Deuteronomy), begins the Law (organic) 6. Mishna – 1 st collection of post-Biblical Hebrew law (2 nd century CE) 7. Bat Mitzvah – Jewish ritual in which young women are officially recognized as adult members of the community 8. Talmud - best known post-Biblical collection of Laws (5 th century) 9. Menorah – symbolic candle holder for each of the 8 days of Chanukah 10. Yarmulke – Skull cap worn by Jewish males at worship 11. Rosh Hashanah – celebration of the Hebrew New Year in the Fall, goes on for several days until (#12): 12. Yom Kippur – Day of Atonement, last day of Rosh Hashanah 13. Sukkot – ( Tabernacle) – celebration of Jews returning to Holy Land, cross the desert 14. Chanukah (Hanukkah) – festival of lights in December (eternal flame survives in Jewish temple). Feast of Dedication. 15. Purim – festival of Esther (saved the Jews from being killed by Babylonians) 16. Pesach – (Passover) – over plague of the Passover feast. (Time of Jesus’ crucifixion, falls around Christian Easter) 17. Zohar – best known of Kabbalistic texts (mystical movements, experiencing God in deeper levels of the world) 18. 922 BCE – Israel (10 northern tribes)/ Judah (Southern Kingdom, 2 tribes) 19. 721 BCE – Assyrians conquer Northern Kingdom end of 10 tribes of Israel 20. 586 BCE – Babylonians conquer Southern Kingdom captivity, temple is destroyed 21. 538 BCE – Israel loses independence, blossoming of Jewish tradition 22. Diaspora – no more Israel displaced Jews 23. Pharisee – modernists, believed in Biblical and post-Biblical laws, decentralization of the church 24. Saducee – traditionalists, fundamentalist beliefs, central church 25. 70 CE – Jews revolt against Romans unsuccessfully end of Israel temple is destroyed again 26. 1948 CE – reestablishment of Israel, modern state is recreated, end of Diaspora (displacement) 27. Orthodox – most traditional interpretation of The Law today
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28. Reform – more liberal form of Judaism 29. Conservative – (misleading name.) Middle of the road interpretation of Hebrew law, only conservative in reference to Reform Judaism 30. Hasidism – approaching God through stories and music in 18 th century Eastern Europe. Martin Buber translated Hasidic stories.
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