Oct. 8-10

Oct. 8-10 - IR 100 The Problems of a Divided World Oct 8...

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Unformatted text preview: IR 100 The Problems of a Divided World Oct. 8 and 10, 2007 Prof. Mary Elise Sarotte Dr. Strangelove IR100 Event Film Show (optional) Place: The Leavey Library Auditorium Date: October 16, 2007 Time: 6pm - 8pm RSVP: usc.facebook.com/event.php?eid=5034384962 Or email Kosal Pop Quiz: Instructions... Don't panic! Remember, only your highest pop quiz grade will count in your final grade. Make sure you have a piece of lined paper. Turn off all electronic devices and put them, together with notes and written materials, in bags or under seats. ...continued You will have fifteen (15) minutes from the time that the questions are shown. If you finish early, please hand in your paper and wait in the hall to avoid disturbing students who are still working. Write four items on paper in this order: The name of your TA Your section time Your name The number of the question that you are answering (coming up) Pop Quiz: Answer one of the following news-related questions 1 What is status of the US dollar versus the Euro and what recent events helped to create that status? 2 What did the US and North Korea agree last week? 3 At the UN General Assembly, President Bush announced sanctions against the military leaders of which country, and why? 4 What news appeared last week about the US treatment of terrorism suspects? Monday Outline Making policy in a divided world Threat-reactive vs. interest-defined strategy The case study of the Korean War: events and consequences The Korean War and NSC-68... The Korean invasion suddenly validated even the most extreme of NSC-68's conclusions. In particular, it confirmed four points. First, it confirmed that notion that all interests had become equally vital. Second, it confirmed NSC-68's argument that the Soviet Union might resort to war by proxy, even in the face of nuclear superiority. ...continued Third, the invasion confirmed NSC-68's notion that existing US forces were inadequate. As a result of NSC-68, US annual defense expenditures rose from roughly $17 billion in 1950 to more than $50 billion in 1953. US military aid replaced economic aid as the main form of US support for European reconstruction. Fourth, the invasion validated NSC-68's call for the development and stockpiling of thermonuclear weapons. Wednesday Outline Eisenhower: The Guiding Question of His Presidency Thermonuclear Weapons, Yesterday and Today International Relations in the 1950s Eisenhower's Farewell Address, Jan. 17, 1961 Pp. 300-301 in Merrill: "The conjunction of an immense military establishment and a large arms industry is new in the American experience...We must never let the weight of this combination endanger our liberties or democratic processes." Schematic of Thermonuclear Weapon First a fission bomb explodes (the primary) The heat that it generates causes a fusion chain reaction to start in the secondary International Panel on Fissile Materials 2007 Report, to be released officially tomorrow... http://www.fissilematerials.org Almost two decades since the end of the Cold War, the United States and Russia still retain stockpiles of about 10,000 nuclear weapons each and have committed only to reduce to about half that number by the end of 2012, when the Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty comes into force. ...continued There are now seven other nuclear weapon states, including North Korea, which carried out its first nuclear test on October 9, 2006. Their arsenals range from a few simple warheads to several hundred high-yield thermonuclear weapons. There are growing concerns about a loss of momentum in the nuclear disarmament process, additional states acquiring nuclear weapons, and the possibility of nuclear terrorism. Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) Russia and the United States retain for weapons a combined total of 600 to 1,200 tons of HEU. This is sufficient for 25,000 to 50,000 nuclear warheads. 1956: Two invasions USSR invades Hungary Britain, France and Israel invade Egypt to produce the Suez Canal Crisis IR 100 The Problems of a Divided World Oct. 8 and 10, 2007 Prof. Mary Elise Sarotte ...
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