Unformatted text preview: IR 100 Roosevelt and World War II, Truman and the Problems of the Atomic Era: How Do Leaders Decide to Use Weapons of Mass Destruction?
Sept. 24 and 26, 2007 Prof. Mary Elise Sarotte Outline
1 Domestic Politics: The Great Depression and the New Deal 2 Foreign Developments: The Origins of WWII 3 The Four Phases of WWII Wednesday outline
Conduct of WWII, continued What the US accomplished in the war What the war accomplished in the US The decision to use a nuclear weapon Due dates - reminder Midterm: Monday Oct. 22 (disabled students, check with TA) Paper topic due: in your section, week of Oct. 29 Paper outline and bibliography due: in lecture, Monday Nov. 19 - note change of location on updated syllabus (on Blackboard) Paper due: in lecture, Monday Dec. 3 Final Exam: Fri., Dec. 14, in this room (disabled students, check with TA) Bread line during the Great Depression Causes of the Great Depression?
very uneven distribution of income in 1920, with workers and farmers sharing less in the prosperity... ...thereby reducing consumer purchasing power, forcing industries like auto and construction to reduce production imbalances in monetary, tariff, and federal tax policies; little consumer protection ...continued Federal Reserve tightened rather than loosened credit high tariff barriers reduced imports to US and undercut US efforts to sell abroad became self-perpetuating: some signs of improvement in 1931, but by then consumers and investors were refusing to spend; as size of economy declined 50%, size of private investment declined 95%. banking collapses followed inept response from White House Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States, 1933-1945 (elected to four terms, died in office, April 12, 1945) First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt Signing Social Security Rise of Nazism in Germany Corporal Adolf Hitler in WWI Factors in Hitler's Rise to Power
1. ongoing militarism of German society 2. "birth defects" of the Weimar Constitution 3. weakness of the ruling SPD while in office 4. party cooperation lacking 5. "Vernunftsrepublikaner" = lack of real respect for government ...continued
6. enemies of the republic: civil service, army, extremists, intellectuals, young 7. suicide of a democracy 8. fear of Bolshevism 9. effects of the Great Depression 10. short-term Nazi electoral success 11. Hitler's own talents as a politician World War II
Hitler's War Churchill's War Stalin's War Roosevelt's War Hitler's War, 1939-1940 Hitler's War
1936 remilitarized the Rhineland 1938 annexed Austria (no resistance) 1939 invaded Czechoslovakia 1939 invaded Poland 1940 conquered Low Countries and France Churchill's War, 1940-1941 Central goal: Survive long enough to convince US to enter the war Drew on all of his diplomatic skills, and fact that he was half American Stalin's War, 1941-1944 Goals: Survive betrayal by Nazi allies and invasion, 22 June 1941 (Operation Barbarossa) Repel Germans from Soviet territory Convince British and American leaders to open a second front in Europe Roosevelt's War, 1941-1945 Merged two wars (allied land war in Europe, solo naval war in Asia) into one war Emerged victorious, leaving US stronger at the end than at the beginning of the conflict Pacific Area, 1942 The Big Three ...
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