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Unformatted text preview: IR 100 Assuming the Role of a Superpower: World War I and Wilsonianism Sept. 17 and 19, 2007 Prof. Mary Elise Sarotte Outline - Monday I Why did war break out? II Why was the war so long and destructive? The four phases of the war: War of Illusions Stalemate Slaughter Revolution and Peace Outline - Wednesday
III How and why did the US step on to the world stage as a superpower? IV How and why did it step off of it afterward? V Conclusion: Wilsonianism Wilfred Owen Dulce Et Decorum Est
Bent double, like old beggars under sacks, Knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed through sludge, Till on the haunting flares we turned our backs And towards our distant rest began to trudge. Men marched asleep. Many had lost their boots But limped on, blood-shod. All went lame; all blind; Drunk with fatigue; deaf even to the hoots Of disappointed shells that dropped behind. GAS! Gas! Quick, boys!-- An ecstasy of fumbling, Fitting the clumsy helmets just in time; But someone still was yelling out and stumbling And floundering like a man in fire or lime.-Dim, through the misty panes and thick green light As under a green sea, I saw him drowning. In all my dreams, before my helpless sight, He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning. If in some smothering dreams you too could pace Behind the wagon that we flung him in, And watch the white eyes writhing in his face, His hanging face, like a devil's sick of sin; If you could hear, at every jolt, the blood Come gargling from the froth-corrupted lungs, Obscene as cancer, bitter as the cud Of vile, incurable sores on innocent tongues,-My friend, you would not tell with such high zest To children ardent for some desperate glory, The old Lie: Dulce et decorum est Pro patria mori. Written while serving, 1917-1978 Wilfred Owen Poem published posthumously Killed in action in France, 1918, age 25 General Paul von Hindenburg General Erich Ludendorff Leader of 1917 Russian Revolution: Vladimir Ilyich Lenin Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States, 1913-1921 Spanish-American War
As a result of war with Spain, US gained effective control over: Cuba Philippines Puerto Rico Also got involved on side of US investors throughout the Caribbean Key dates leading to US entry into World War I May 1915: German U-Boot torpedoed the British cruise-liner Lusitania; loss of 128 American lives: see reading in Merrill Start of 1917: Germany announces resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare March 1917: German subs sink four unarmed American merchantmen 2 April 1917, Wilson appears before a joint session of Congress to request war resolution, after above -- see reading in Merrill WWI Peace Conference, Versailles 1918 David Lloyd George, UK Vittorio Orlando, Italy George Clemenceau, France Woodrow Wilson, US Wilson's Vision of a New World Order, Paris 1918
The 14 Points (in Merrill) Old vs. New Diplomacy Realism vs. Idealism Promotion of Democracy The Era of Isolationism Hostility to Immigrants: 1919-20 Red Scare Unions were labeled as socialist and un-American. Aug. 1927: execution by electric chair of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, anti-immigrant bias apparent in ruling National Origins Act of 1924 set quotas, not changed until 1965 Motivated by anti-Semitic and anti-Catholic sentiment Conclusion: Wilsonianism endures today in the form of the Bush Doctrine?
At least two major discrepancies: Nature and extent of attempts to secure domestic support Nature and extent of attempts to secure foreign support and to implement policies abroad Also, context extremely different IR 100 Assuming the Role of a Superpower: World War I and Wilsonianism Sept. 17 and 19, 2007 Prof. Mary Elise Sarotte ...
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This note was uploaded on 10/12/2008 for the course IR 100xg taught by Professor Siler during the Fall '06 term at USC.
- Fall '06