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final exam study guide4greeks

final exam study guide4greeks - FINAL EXAM STUDY SHEET The...

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FINAL EXAM STUDY SHEET The final exam constitutes 25% of the final grade. Part I will contain 20 short- answer questions worth 2 points each, plus an extra 3 questions for a possible 6 extra points. Part II will ask you to identify the speaker and person spoken to in 10 quotations chosen from key passages in required readings; each identification will be worth 1 point. Part III will require an essay of 800 - 1000 words, worth 50 points. Topics will be distributed on the last day of class. The following questions will help you prepare for all parts of the exam, including the essay. Athenian Tragedy [458 BC] 1. Oresteia . See Blackboard Focus Questions on Aeschylus Oresteia (52-54). 2. Homicide. Why is the act of homicide significant in every culture? What do murderers and those they murder, and the punishments they receive, tell us about the status of different groups of people (male and female, young and old, kin and non-kin, citizen and non-citizen, free and enslaved)? 3. How do the three homicides in the trilogy (of Iphigeneia, Agamemnon, and Clytemnestra) set against one another: the family and the state, male and female, parent and child, and the past and present? Athens under Pericles [460 - 429 BC] 1. Liberalizing the democracy. How did Themistocles and Ephialtes liberalize the democracy after the victory over Persia? How did the contribution of the lowest citizen class (the workers ) to naval victories increase their political influence? How did Ephialtes reform of the Areopagus Council (462 BC) defeat conservative, aristocratic interests? 2. Periclean reforms. How did Pericles reforms continue this liberalization by making citizens equal participants in government? (E.g., pay for state office and jury service; hoplite class eligible for top offices of archon; tighter qualifications for citizenship). How did these changes teach citizens to use nomos (law or policy-making) to make Athens a free and autonomous community? 3. Protagoras & Humanism . How did the first sophist, Protagoras, encourage citizens to participate in the making of nomos ? Know his theory of knowledge and the power it assigns the individual human being s ( anthrôpos ) potential as a self-determining agent. Be familiar with the surviving fragments of his teaching. 4. Pericles Funeral Oration . How does Pericles Funeral Oration in 431 BC proclaim the virtues of Athenian citizenship and nomos ? Be able to name six virtues of the Athenian citizen or Athenian way of life. How does Pericles valorize citizen identity over family identity in consoling families of the dead?
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What kind of leader is Pericles: transactional, transformational, or moral? Sophocles Antigone [441 BC] 1. Creon & nomos . How does the play test the limits of the power of nomos and the citizen identity? How does Creon s tyrannical êthos suggest nomos can demand too much? How does the Ode to the Human Being ( Anthrôpos ) indicate the potential for both good and evil in Protagorean humanism?
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