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greeks midterm studyguide

greeks midterm studyguide - 1 Village based societies...

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1. Village based societies emerged with the same types of production like farming, carpentry, and metalwork. They were relatively small, from around a few dozen to a few hundred people. The largest of these types of city states was Athens and Corinth with populations in the low thousands. They were lead by a “big man” leader. 2. They were in contact with other regions outside the Aegean; know this because they came up with the Greek alphabet borrowed from other areas. They were open for new technological innovations because after their collapse they were left with the basics of society; this is a good starting point for new technological growth. 3. Tells us that their leaders were highly regarded and worshipped. We know that 2 horses were sacrificed and buried in the enormous tomb found at lefkandi for a man possibly a hero warrior. A woman might have also been sacrificed for his death as well. His tomb is filled with expensive objects and gold which shows how important he was. The fact that the tomb he was buried in was most likely a dining hall shows the importance of feasting and around the dining table they usually told stories of their great heroes, which is why they buried him in this room. 4. This village based society was important because it made Greeks focus more on smaller communities. It brought the society back to the basics before there were any leaders and allowed them to start over. Democracy is a major value that was taken from the dark age of Greek society. The Dark ages brought an emphasis on equality in societies. 1. The dark age villages began to unite because of generations of intermarrying with other families in the villages, and villages needed to unite for protective purposes. If they joined together it would be a lot easier for them to defend as a whole then as separate villages. Population and warfare were motives for this defensive reason, and for a bigger, stronger defense, you need more people so population was a factor. 2. Population growth put pressure on the land and lush grassy meadows were converted more and more into places to grow other crops for a more productive use of the land. Temples were built and statues were constructed on the land as to mark their territory and what land is owned by certain people. Also processions walked along land to mark what was theirs. 3. These city-states has a government that mainly consisted of a boule. A boule is a council made up of chiefs and other influential men. They gave up having one man rule because their pasts states failed under that type of rule..? An agora is a place of gathering. Citizens were both farmers and soldiers because in order to be a soldier you had to have enough money to buy armor, and in order to be a citizen you had to be a soldier. Farmers usually had money to buy armor. This society was very stratified between the elites and commoners because some were very wealthy and others were not; the ones with money were citizens and had a say in
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