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Unformatted text preview: QUIZ STUDY SHEET The Quiz constitutes 15% of the final grade. It will consist of two types of questions: (a) 12 short answer responses emphasizing accuracy and detail, and (b) 3 identifications of quotations (see sample questions below). Questions will be drawn from the following material covered in class lectures and required readings. The questions below are more general than the actual short-answer questions will be. You will have 45 minutes to complete the quiz. 1. Taking into account world geography and history since the end of the last ice age (c. 11,000 BC), what = s the primary reason for the unequal distribution of wealth and power today (and for the past 500 years)?- There are two major theses that describe this phenomenon. Jared Diamond attributes this disparity to differences in environment. Factors such as overall climate and natural resources create differences in agriculture and tools. For example, a more fertile climate would provide more farming potential, and iron tools would provide more protection from disease than tools of stone or wood. Hansens thesis suggests that these differences are more dependent on a nations method of warfare. Greece and Rome for example had many people fighting for their freedom, had a heavy emphasis on infantry, and their war tactics were particularly lethal and amoral, all factors which proved effective in conquering enemies. 2. Define power 2245 in its natural and human forms. How do power 2245 and authority 2245 differ?- Power is defined as the ability to obtain a goal by mastering ones environment. Authority is more of a structural concept that is backed up by the rules and necessities of an organization (i.e. chain of command, power of the church, etc. etc.). 3. What are the four channels of power in human societies? Do you think any one channel is more important than the others?- The four channels are economic, political, military, and ideological power. If anything economic would be the key channel because without a strong economy you cant maintain a strong military or political power (you wouldnt be able to feed/pay your army and you wouldnt have any political clout because you dont run a strong economy). Ideological power is slightly different because you may be able to influence people through rhetoric and religion, both of which have nothing to do with the other three channels. 4. What are the key characteristics distinguishing egalitarian, 2245 rank 2245 and stratified 2245 societies from one another?- Egalitarian societies emphasize equal relationships among people. These societies are nomadic, small, and hunter-gatherer style. Reciprocity is key and authority is appointed by service. These societies show low levels of aggression....
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