Chapter 26/27 Work (APUSH).docx

Chapter 26/27 Work (APUSH).docx - Sydney Fox Period 1 APUSH...

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Sydney Fox, Period 1 APUSH 18 April 2017 Chapter 26: Vocabulary Terms 1. “Block grants”: federal grants offered by the Nixon administration to the states to spend as they saw fit (rather than specific purposes dictated by Washington). The grants were a part of Nixon’s New Federalism and applauded by conservatives. 2. Family Assisstance Plan: perhaps Nixon’s most startling approval; a “negative income tax” plan to have the federal government guarantee minimum income for all Americans. It failed to win Congress’s approval, proving too radical for conservatives and inadequate for liberals. 3. San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez : a 5-4 majority ruled that the Constitution did not require equality of school funding between Mexican- American and white schools 4. “Reverse discrimination”: many whites’ views of new affirmative action programs; a violation of the 14th Amendment that granted minorities special advantages over whites 5. Regents of the University of California v. Bakke : the Supreme Court overturned an adimssions program to UC Davis that set aside 16 of 100 places in the entering medical school class to minority students. Justice Powell, a Nixon appointee and the deciding vote, rejected the idea of fixed affirmative action quotas, but added that race could be a factor in admission decisions. 6. Title IX: passed in 1972 by Congress; banned gender discrimination in higher education 7. Nixon and China: Nixon ended the tradition of refusing to acknowledge China’s communist government; he publicly visited in 1972. The trip led to Beijing taking China’s UN spot, and trade sparked with the United States. 8. Strategic Arms Limitation Talks: During Nixon’s visit to the Soviet Union, he and Breznhev negotiated arms-control treaties that essentially froze each country’s arsenal of intercontinental missiles capable of carrying nuclear warheads. 9. Detente: cooperation; a new system of relations to replace the hostility of the Cold War 10.My Lai massacre: a company of American troops killed 350 South Vietnamese civilians. Lieutenant William Cally was found guilty of directing the massacre, and public support for the Vietnam War waned. 11.War Powers Act: the most vigorous assertion of congressional control over foreign policy in US history; required the president to seek Congressional approval for commitment of American troops overseas 12.Stagflation: the combination of stagnant economic growth and high inflation 13.Misery index: the sum of unemployment and inflation rates; stood at 10.8% in 1970 and doubled by 1980. 14.The Nixon pardon: one of Ford’s first acts as president; shielded Nixon from prosecution for obstruction of justice
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15.Heisinki Accords: the United States and Soviet Union signed an agreement to recognize permanance of Europe’s post-WWII boundaries, including the division of Germany; both countries also agreed to respect the basic liberties of their citizens. The accords inspired movements for greater freedom withing communist countries of Eastern Europe.
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