Lecture_topics_Oct_1-1

Lecture_topics_Oct_1-1 - The Wall Potsdamer Platz today:...

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“The Wall” Potsdamer Platz today: One year: October 1989 / October 1990 October 7 th , 1989 : East German President Erich Honecker celebrates the GDR’s 40 th birthday October 3 rd , 1990 : the two Germanies are united Major figures: Mikhael Gorbachev - leader of the Soviet Union Helmut Kohl - chancellor of West Germany (1982 -1990) and the united Germany (1990 - 1998) The East German leaders: Erich Honecker (1976 - Oct. 1989) Egon Krenz (Oct. 4 - Dec. 7, 1989) Hans Modrow (December 90 - March 90) Lothar de Maizière (March - Oct 2, 1990) Major political currents in 1989: 1. Easing of borders in the “Ostbloc” 2. Problems at home – East German election fraud 3. Number of East German refugees increases 4. Churches organize 5. Soviet policies of Perestroika (restructuring) and Glasnost (openness) 6. SED (Socialist) leaders decide not to use force = no Tiananmen Square! Monday Demonstrations
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Lecture_topics_Oct_1-1 - The Wall Potsdamer Platz today:...

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