week 7 article sage-secondary-data-analysis.pdf - Patterns of Substance Involvement and Criminal Behavior A Gender-based Cluster Analysis of

week 7 article sage-secondary-data-analysis.pdf - Patterns...

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Patterns of Substance Involvement and Criminal Behavior: A Gender-based Cluster Analysis of Pennsylvania Arrestees In: SAGE Secondary Data Analysis By: Eric L. Sevigny & Phyllis D. Coontz Edited by: John Goodwin Pub. Date: 2013 Access Date: April 16, 2017 Publishing Company: SAGE Publications Ltd City: London Print ISBN: 9781446246900 Online ISBN: 9781473963702 DOI: Print pages: v2-211-v2-230 ©2012 SAGE Publications Ltd. All Rights Reserved. This PDF has been generated from SAGE Research Methods. Please note that the pagination of the online version will vary from the pagination of the print book.
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Patterns of Substance Involvement and Criminal Behavior: A Gender-based Cluster Analysis of Pennsylvania Arrestees E r i c L .SevignyUniversity of South Carolina, Columbia, [email protected] D.CoontzUniversity of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 52 ppSAGE Publications, Inc. 2455 Teller RoadThousand OaksCalifornia91320United States of America August 2008524435435453 Contact SAGE Publications at 10.1177/0306624X07308947 Encoding from PDF of original work Recent drug-crime scholarship has underscored the importance of conducting disaggregated research that focuses on the consistencies and variations between subcategories of drug misuse and criminal activity and, further, how these associations may vary across sociodemographic and cultural boundaries. The research presented in this article used cluster analysis to independently classify male and female arrestees based on their arrest charges and substance-specific indicators of initiation, use, dependence, and treatment need. The data come from Pennsylvania's Substance Abuse and Need for Treatment Among Arrestees study conducted as part of the State Treatment Needs Assessment Program. Five groups were identified in both the male and female cluster analyses. The results reveal both important differences and strong similarities in the drug-crime typologies of male and female arrestees. Given these findings, implications are discussed for developing and targeting responsive treatment services that match the particular risks and needs of drug-involved offenders. It is generally well established that people who use drugs regularly are more likely than nonusers to be involved in a wide variety of illegal activities (Harrison & Backenheimer, 1998). Although the association between drugs and crime is strong, there is no single causal link that defines the drug-crime relationship. Instead, there are multiple and complex pathways linking drug and crime involvement (Anthony & Forman, 2003; White & Gorman, 2000). Drug-crime research over the past three decades has clarified pieces of this puzzle, but a clearer understanding of the variations and consistencies between the abuse of certain psychoactive substances and particular criminal behaviors has been obscured by the tendency for research on drug-crime connections to be either generalized or specialized in nature (Bennett & Holloway, 2005a). Generalist studies rely on aggregate measures of drug and crime involvement (e.g., chronic drug use, annual arrest frequency), whereas specialist studies focus
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