Mod4Week4DBE.docx - RELS 1315 FL16 ORIGINS OF CHRISTIANITY...

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09/16/2016RELS 1315 FL16 ORIGINS OF CHRISTIANITYDr. Joseph de LeonChapter Ten: “The Second Temple Period”.MOD4/WK4 DISCUSSION BOARD EXERCISE QUESTION 1. Write an essay which discusses and explains the origins and expectations of Jewish eschatology, including the meaning of eschaton. Please include within your essay a discussion on the differences between prophetic and apocalyptic views of eschatology. The origin and expectation of Jewish eschatology rises from a community constantlybattling with themselves and others to be able to freely and righteously praise God. In order toproperly understand from where the term Eschatology comes from, its meaning, and thesubdivision of it views; we must analyze eschaton, comprehend the term messianism andunderstand apocalypticism. First, according to Frigge (2013) Eschatology comes from the Greek eschaton, meaning“the end” or “the last” (Frigge, 2013, p. 127); the first interpretation of the definition wouldprobably invoke you to have apocalyptic thoughts, however the term eschaton when mostcommonly used in their period was referring to a more present up-to date situation or struggle. Frigge (2013) later clarifies the definition of Biblical eschatology, a collection of beliefsand expectation concerning the end of the present world order and the beginning of a new andbetter existence, that Jews had prepared based on the covenant they have made with God.(Frigge, 2013, p. 127). It is the accumulation of pre-set expectations that Jews had on how Godwill react during their second Exodus. Frigge gives a final reference towards the eschaton, Hence
the eschaton refers to God’s saving action, bringing to an end the present state of existence andcreating a new age in which God truly rules over all creation (Frigge, 2013, p. 127). Since eschatology was founded on beliefs about the character of Yahweh (Frigge, 2013,p.127), its meaning and use changed over time. During the Old Testament eschatologyaccording to Frigge (2013) the term Messianism was developed as the way of how the eschatonwould be inaugurated by God; from there rises the belief of God chosen one to come and savethe world by initiating the eschaton, for Christians this would be Jesus for Jews it still has notbegun. Eschatology during this period of time was surrounded by the anticipation of theMessiah that literally means according to Frigge the “anointed one” she also clarifies the term

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