WolfeP_BC_Assignment08.docx - Unit 8 Assignment Ethics...

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Unit 8 Assignment - Ethics Instructions : Please note that the questions below are based on the Unit readings and are intended to be both an outline of the units’ material and the basis for your Unit Assessment, so please give your best effort to answering them thoroughly. The task is to respond to all 30 of the questions below . Each question will be worth one point. The format for submission is to include the questions with the replies. Example: How does one know what the good life is? - The good life is… 1. Give a formal definition (dictionary) of the terms ethics, metaethics, and morals. - Ethics is the branch of knowledge that deals with moral principles -Meta ethics is the branch of knowledge that deals with the foundations of ethics, especially with the nature of ethical statements - Morals are standards of behavior; principles of right and wrong 2. List a few ethical/moral questions to demonstrate that you understand the subject matter. -Why be moral? - What should be my moral code? - What is good? - What is meant by “good”? - How are we to behave toward one another? 3. Give the brief sociological, psychological, and theological answers to the question, why should human beings care about being moral? - A sociological answer would be that social life is impossible without morality, - A psychological answer would be that reputations and social pressure dictate morality along with one’s conscience. - A theological answer would be that people try to act without religious sin so that they may be rewarded after death. 4. Define Mores and Etiquette. - Mores are customs and rules of conduct. Etiquette is politeness and how people act using varying amounts of maturity and grace to avoid being “rude” or “gross”
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5. What is the relationship between Law and Morality? Give some example to show how they are distinct. - Morality is rules centered around acting in a correct and justified way. Law is rules organized by legislators made official and devised based on society’s perceptions. Morality and Law differ in how those who break the rules can be punished. For example, a teen who drives before getting their license may not feel guilty based on their morals, but they are guilty based on law. 6. List the 6 stages of moral development put forth by the moral psychologist Lawrence Kohlberg. - Reward / punishment - Reciprocity -Ideal Model - Conformity - Law and Order - Social Contract - Universal Principles 7. Describe Cultural Relativism, Descriptive Ethical Relativism, and Normative Ethical Relativism.
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