spcm 1500 chapter 6 notes

spcm 1500 chapter 6 notes - Language the ability to...

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Language – the ability to transmit thoughts from the mind of one individual to another through the process of encoding. Encoding – the process of putting thoughts and feelings into verbal symbols (words) and/ or nonverbal messages. 5 Attributes of Verbal Symbols 1. Words are symbolic – they are arbitrary symbols. 2. Language Evolves – words fall out of favor and new words appear. Meanings also change. a. Lexical gaps – experiences that are not named. b. Muted Groups – people whose experiences are not well represented in verbal symbols. 3. Words are powerful – some words have the power to affect people dramatically because people have agreed to give them power. 4. Meanings for verbal symbols may be denotative or connotative a. Denotative – literal, conventional meaning that most people have agreed is the meaning of a symbol. b. Connotative – derive from people’s personal and subjective experience with a verbal symbol. 5. Words vary in level of abstraction a. Concrete words – things that you can see, smell, taste, touch, or hear. The more a word restricts the number of possible referents, the more concrete the word is. b. Terms with fewer restrictions are the most abstract. Factors Affecting Verbal Symbols 1. Culture and Ethnicity – most cultures develop their own language. a.
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spcm 1500 chapter 6 notes - Language the ability to...

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