19 CGW4U-A Global Tourism Issues
Copyright © 2007 The Ontario Educational Communications Authority. All rights reserved. Canadian and World Issues CGW4U-A Lesson 19, page 1 Introduction Everyone is a traveller. There are very few people who don’t move some distance during their daily lives. There are different reasons for travelling, such as shopping, visiting a friend, or going to work. These trips usually involve returning home the same day. If travel involves leaving home for more than a day, but less than a year, the traveller has become a tourist. Tourism is important to the economic well-being of many communities because the tourist needs to spend money on accommodation and food. Tourism has become a global industry with more than 760 million tourist trips per year, a figure that continues to grow. The impact of this amount of tourism on destinations is enormous, much of it good, although tourism can also create damage and be a cause of serious concern. In this lesson, you will focus on a basic understanding of the travel and tourism industry, as well as the issues that must be addressed as travel continues to grow. What You Will Learn After completing this lesson, you will be able to • describe the interdependence of the natural environment and economics • explain how point of view influences the way one sees a place • identify the social, economic, cultural, political, and ecological components of a geographic issue • explain why it is important to understand the cultural and religious traditions of others • predict future global demographic changes related to travel and their economic, environmental, and social implications • analyze trends in consuming resources and whether they are sustainable
Lesson 19, page 2 Canadian and World Issues CGW4U-A Copyright © 2007 The Ontario Educational Communications Authority. All rights reserved. Glossary of Key Terms The following terms are in bold in the lesson. baby boomers: an unusually large cohort of people, born in many developed countries between 1946 and 1964. demonstration effect: local culture replaced with the culture (or cultures) of the visitors. discretionary income: money left over after all the basic bills have been paid. ecotourism: adventure tourism that explores the natural environment. leakage: money invested in a country that “leaks” back out as foreign investors take their profits out of the country, or money spent outside of the country to purchase products that are needed. mass tourism: movement of a large number of people to selected destinations. ripple effect: tourist dollars respent by local people, causing a further boost to the local economy. tourist: anyone who travels from their primary place of residence for at least 24 hours, requiring an overnight stay.
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