03_SSPH_powerpoint_010305

03_SSPH_powerpoint_010305 - Social Sciences in Public...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–10. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
    Social Sciences in  Public Health Carol Bryant PhD Dept. of Community and Family Health
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Sciences Objectives Develop theories, models or conceptual  frameworks to explain health behavior or health  problems Test hypotheses based on those theories Use results to design effective interventions Efficacy trials in controlled settings Effectiveness in natural settings Randomized control trial
Background image of page 2
Social and Behavioral Science  Characteristics Use scientific method Organized way of asking questions and  analyzing data We are influenced by socio-cultural  environment Must be aware of assumptions made as  interpret others behavior
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Social Science Methods Interviewing - formal interaction between  researcher and subject Observation of phenomena in their natural  environment Experimental design - manipulating situation  in order to test behavior patterns
Background image of page 4
Limitations of  the Social Sciences People hard to study  Refuse to cooperate, contaminate  controls Behavior is irregular  Affected by many factors Many concepts elude precise measurement Example: self esteem
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Theory Set of interrelated concepts, definitions,  view of phenomena by specifying  relations among variables, with the  purpose of explaining and predicting  phenomenon Generality Testability Models and conceptual frameworks
Background image of page 6
Construct, Concept Concept: expresses an abstraction formed by  generalization from particulars Weight, height, anger Construct: concept that has been deliberately  and consciously invented for special scientific  purpose Locus of control or self-efficacy We will use these interchangeably
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Variables  Variables  Empirical or operational form of a construct  Constructs or properties being studied that  takes on differing values Locus of control - internal versus external  powerful other versus chance Motivation to comply - high, medium, low
Background image of page 8
Independent Vs.  Dependent Variables Dependent: what you  are trying to predict Presumed effect Independent: factors  that influence or  impact on dependent  variable Presumed cause
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 10
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 48

03_SSPH_powerpoint_010305 - Social Sciences in Public...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 10. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online