Week 1 - Lecture 2 Latin America Culture Region I Culture...

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Lecture 2 – Latin America - Culture Region I. Culture – Definitions – «One of the most complex terms in the English language» Raymond Williams A. What is your definition of culture? 1. high 2. popular 3. general B. Academic 1. From Kluckholn Mirror for Man : a. "the total way of life of a people" b. "the social legacy the individual acquires from his group" c "a way of thinking, feeling, and believing" d. "an abstraction from behavior" e. a theory on the part of the anthropologist about the way in which a group of people in fact behave f. "storehouse of pooled learning" g. "a set of standardized orientations to recurrent p r o b l e m s " h. "learned behavior" i. a mechanism for the normative regulation of behavior j. "a set of techniques for adjusting both to the external environment and to other men" k. "a precipitate of history" l. “a behavioral map, sieve, or matrix” 2. From Bodley Cultural Anthropology, Tribes, States, and the G l o b a l S y s t e m a. topical: culture consists of everything on a list of topics, or categories, such as social organization, religion, or economy b. historical: culture is social heritage, or tradition, that is passed on to future generations c. behavioral: culture is shared, learned human behavior, a way of life d. normative: culture is ideals, values, or rules for 1
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e. functional: culture is the way humans solve problems of adapting to the environment or living together f. mental: culture is a complex of ideas, or learned habits, that inhibit impulses and distinguish people from animals g. structural: culture consists of patterned and interrelated ideas, symbols, or behaviors h. symbolic: culture is based on arbitrarily assigned meanings that are shared by a society 3. Adaptation of Kent's (and mine too…) definition a. «totality of socially transmitted ideas, beliefs, values and practices and all other products of collective work (mental and material) characteristic of a group or population» II. Latin America as a Culture Region A. Traits 1. geographical location(s) a. Western Hemisphere south of U.S.-Mexico boundary and Tropic of Cancer b. Mexico c. Central America 1) rimland (sometimes excluded) d. South America 1) Guianas (sometimes excluded) 2) Falkland/Malvinas Islands (sometimes e x c l u d e d ) e. Hispanic Greater Antilles (Cuba, DR, PR) 1) rest of Caribbean Islands often excluded 2. language
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Week 1 - Lecture 2 Latin America Culture Region I Culture...

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