Key Points to Know from Reading (539-544) 1. The Restoration: Rebirth of Drama – Theater in England continued to thrive after Shakespeare’s death, with a host of successful playwrights, including John Fletcher who was successor to Shakespeare at the Globe. Then, in 1642, long-standing religious and political conflicts between King Charles I and Parliament finally erupted into civil war, with the Parliament, under the influence of Puritanism, eventually winning. The Puritans were religious extremists and all theaters in England were closed for almost twenty years. When the new king, Charles II, was crowned in 1660, those that had not been converted to other uses had become completely outmoded. When he returned to be King, Charles II permitted favorites to build new theaters. 2. Theatre on the Continent: Neoclassicism - Interaction among the leading European countries— England, Spain, and France—was sporadic in the seventeenth century yet the development of theater in all three countries took similar turns throughout the early 1600s. By the 1630s the French were
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