{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Modern History II Notes

Modern History II Notes - I The Great Chain of Being The...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1/19/07 I. The Great Chain of Being The basic world view accepted by most educated people in the early modern period (until the Enlightenment). World = a chain interlocked in a hierarchical fashion Highest being is God o Equality is not a virtue. All men aren’t created equally. o The higher you are on the chain, the more powerful, intelligent and virtuous you are because of your proximity to God. o It can’t be changed because God created it. Any attempt to change it will not be affective. Insult to God o It isn’t your place to try and change your status. God wanted you that way. No social mobility o Spiritual equality of all souls Every good person goes to heaven and everyone is equal II. Estates Clergy: Caring for souls o Top of hierarchy Nobles: formed secular authority o Judges, political leaders Everyone Else: make things (ex. Food, clothes) o No independent legal authority Formal legal entities. o Each estate had different legal codes III. The Monarchy Every modern European society was ruled by a King King = the most important noble Absolutism: consolidate power under the King o Administrative centralization Taxation by the King alone o Standing Armies Previously armies were independent. The King had to borrow troops from nobles o Raisand d’Etat – “Reason of State” The King identified his interests with those of the state o Increase the power and wealth of the state IV. Serfdom Details vary across Europe A system of formally unfree. Legal obligation to serve this.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
In return for living, your must give me most of your crops, etc. As much as 95% of the population V. Guilds Institutions for organizing artisan production o Rules for how to do work o Set prices o Admissions and training for people who want to join guild Hierarchy within the guilds Apprentice: young boy who is learning the trade Journeyman: go from town to town learning the trade Master: owns his own shop o Highly regulated, not a free market o Guilds ruled towns politically Citizenship: Keep out competition o Controlled town’s moral life Outside power limited They do things because they can o Moral, political, and economic power = all the same VI. Economic Traditionalism Not more work for more money Time o Goal to maintain standard of living, not to improve life. o Using the minimum amount of effort possible Risk Avoidance o Safety and reliability take preference over long-term profit None of these things are true anymore! 1/22/07 1776 The American Revolution Adam Smith (a Philosopher) wrote Wealth of Nations , an economic book Liberal Democratic Paradox o Equality: everyone believes that all people are created equal. However, the paradox is that there is too much inequality.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Page1 / 41

Modern History II Notes - I The Great Chain of Being The...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon bookmark
Ask a homework question - tutors are online