Sociology - Definitions Friday, June 13, 2008 1:31 PM The...

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Definitions Friday, June 13, 2008 1:31 PM The Sociological Perspective Sociology The systematic study of human society.  Sociological  Perspective The special point of view of sociology that sees general patterns of society  in the lives of particular people. It helps us see the general pattern in the behavior of particular people.    Global perspective The study of the larger world and our society's place in  it. High-income  countries Nations with the highest overall standards of living. These nations generate most of the world's goods and services, and the people  who live in them own most the planet's wealth. Rich regions of the world Middle-income countries  Nations with a standard of living about average for the world as a  whole. Have a considerable social inequality within their border, meaning that some  people are extremely rich but many more lack safe housing and adequate nutrition  Low-income  countries Nations with a low standard of living in which most people are  poor.  Few people are very rich, but the majority struggle to get by with poor housing,  unsafe water, too little food, and, perhaps most serious of all, little chance to improve  their lives.    Positivism A way of understanding based on science.  Theory A statement of how and why specific facts are related Theoretical  Approach A basic image of society that guides thinking and  research. Macro-level orientation Broad focus on social structures that shape society as a  whole
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Micro-level orientation Close-up focus on social interaction in specific situations.   Structural-functional  approach Framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system  whose parts work together to promote solidarity. Social structure  Any relatively stable pattern of  social behavior. Social  dysfunction Any social pattern that may disrupt the operation society. Social function The consequences of a social pattern for the operation of society  as a whole. Manifest 
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Sociology - Definitions Friday, June 13, 2008 1:31 PM The...

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