Exam_1_Study_Guide - Study Guide: Lecture Exam 1 - Covers...

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Study Guide: Lecture Exam 1 - Covers chapters 1-5 in text (Earth: An Introduction to Physical Geology), lecture and lab material Exam rules: The class is very large (>230 students) so there will be some measures taken to discourage cheating. The exam consists of 50 multiple choice questions worth 100 pts; it is computer graded. Expect questions over 5-10 slides, similar to the quiz, but multiple choice. Use photos and figures in lecture text to study for slides. E Please use # 2 pencil, this works best to blacken in the bubbles on the form E No hats, if you wear a hat the brim will need to be turned backwards E No sunglasses E No talking during the exam E No cell phones, pagers, or other electronic devices. E No electronic translators are allowed - a paper dictionary is okay if checked by instructor before the exam E Please bring your WSU ID, your ID will be checked when you hand in your exam The study guide may be changed to reflect the material covered through Wednesday Sept. 24 (end of Chapter 5 lecture material) Chapter 1 – An Introduction to Geology Understand the workings behind the scientific method. What are the different steps and the balances and checks associated with the scientific method. 1. Observation, 2. Hypothesize, 3. Develop observations, 4. Accept, modify, or reject model based on testing What is the principal of uniformitarianism and how is it applied by geologists? Physical, chemical, and biologic laws that operate today have also operated in the geologic past. This means that the forces that we observe today shaping our planet have been there forever.
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Understand the nebular hypothesis and how it applies to the formation of our Solar System (sun and planets). Nebular hypothesis proposes that the bodies of our solar system evolved from an enormous rotating cloud called the solar nebula. How did the Earth’s moon form? Why is the Earth’s orbital plane tilted? The Ejected Ring Theory: A planetesimal the size of Mars struck the earth, ejecting large volumes of matter. A disk of orbiting material was formed, and this matter eventually condensed to form the Moon. Planetismals that were mars-sized hit the earth soon after the formation and cause the orbital plane to be tilted The Earth began to differentiate forming a stratified (layered) Earth. How does density change with depth? Denser as you go down, because more weight and pressure What are these zones (not necessary to memorize depths)? Crust, Lithosphere, Asthenosphere, transition zone, D” layer, outer core, and inner core How are these zones (Fig 1.16) grouped? Based on physical properties, such as whether the layer is solid or liquid and how weak or strong it is. Which one makes up the tectonic plates?
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This note was uploaded on 10/12/2008 for the course GEOLOGY 101101 taught by Professor Wilkie during the Fall '08 term at Washington State University .

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Exam_1_Study_Guide - Study Guide: Lecture Exam 1 - Covers...

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