Anxiety.pptx - Treatments for anxiety disorders Chapter 14...

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Chapter 14 Treatments for anxiety disorders
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Anxiety Disorders Childhood abuse highly correlated with later developing anxiety
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“Free-floating” anxiety No attachment to any subject Makes anxiety hard to deal with or avoid GAD
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Panic Disorder Panic attack: Minutes long intense dread or terror Chest pains, choking, numbness, or other frightening physical sensations A feeling of a need to escape
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Phobia Specific Phobia – persistent, irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object, activity, or situation Phobias typically develop over more “biologically relevant” objects
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OCD Compulsions – repeatedly strong feeling of “needing” to carry out an action
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PTSD Individuals who experience a trauma may suffer: Repeated intrusive recall of memories of the trauma Nightmares and other re-experiencing Social withdrawal or phobic avoidance Jumpy anxiety or hypervigilance Insomnia or sleep problems
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Anxiety and the Amygdala Prefrontal cortex Inhibit reaction to fearful stimuli Extinction of fear conditioning
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Anxiety and the Amygdala Thalamus sends sensory info to amygdala
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