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Spanish 3 Final Exam Review Sheet

Spanish 3 Final Exam Review Sheet - Spanish 3 Final Exam...

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Spanish 3 Final Exam Review Sheet Verbs irregular in the preterite: andar-anduve, anduviste, anduvo, anduvimos, anduvisteis, anduvieron estar- estuve, estuviste, estuvo, estuvimos, estuvisteis, estuvieron hacer- hice, hiciste, hizo, hicimos, hicisteis, hicieron poder-pude, pudiste, pudo, pudimos, pudisteis, pudieron poner- puse, pusiste, puso, pusimos, pusisteis, pusieron querer- quise, quisiste, quiso, quisimos, quisisteis, quisieron saber-supe, supiste, supo, supimos, supisteis, supieron tener- tuve, tuviste, tuvo, tuvimos, tuvieron Present Subjunctive—action has not yet taken place 1. Verb in 1 st person singular in the present indicative 2. Drop the o 3. Add endings: -ar Verbs -er Verbs Irregular verbs: dar, dormir, haber, ir, secar, sentir, ser, tocar Present Perfect Subjunctive—action has already taken place Haber + past participle Haber- Past Participle 1. Verb in infinitive + 2. Take off -ar/ -er/ -ir 3. Add –ado/ -ido comer—er + ido…comido hablar—ar + ado…hablado Irregular past participles: abrir abierto, cubrir cubierto, decir dicho, escribir escrito, hacer hecho, morir muerto, poner puesto, resolver resuelto, romper roto, ver visto, volver vuelto. Future Tense 2 ways o ir + a + infinitive Example: Vamos a estudiar en la biblioteca. We’ll study (We’re going to study) in the library. o Add following endings to the infinitive: e emos es éis e en a amos as áis a an Haya Hayamos Hayas Hayáis Haya hayan
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é emos ás éis á án All verbs have the same endings in the future tense Example: Nosotros llegar emos a las siete. We will arrive at seven. Irregular stems: decir dir-, hacer har-, poder podr-, poner pondr-, querer querr-, saber sabr-, salir saldr-, tener tendr-, valer valdr-, venir vendr- Conditional Tense Used to talk about what you should, could or would do. Helps you talk about what would happen under certain conditions Is used to make polite requests Verbs with –ar, -er, and –ir all have the same endings in the conditional. You add the following endings directly to the infinitive. o Infinitive + Example: Yo estar ía a favor de comprar árboles y flores para embellecer la comunidad. I would be in favor of buying trees and flowers to beautify the community. If a verb has an irregular stem in the future , you use the same stem to form the conditional. saber (infinitive) sabr é (irregular future stem) sabr ía (conditional) The conditional of hay is always habría . The Subjunctive with Expressions of Emotion Used after expressions of emotion such as I’m happy and I’m sad You can either use the present subjunctive or the present perfect subjunctive after expressions of emotion o Present Subjunctive - refers to present or future time (action has not yet taken place) o Present Perfect Subjunctive - refers to the past (action has already taken place) Vocabulary used for expressions of emotions:
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Spanish 3 Final Exam Review Sheet - Spanish 3 Final Exam...

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