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biol1020_1.docx - What are the 7 ways that genetic material...

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What are the 7 ways that genetic material can be inherited? 1. Mitosis. 2. Meiosis. 3. Asexual Reproduction. 4. Sexual Reproduction. 5. Conjugation. 6. Transduction. 7. Transformation. What is the primary function of a carbohydrate? To store energy. What is a monosaccharide? - The simplest form of a carbohydrate. - They cannot be hydrolysed to give a simpler sugar. - e.g. Glucose. What are disaccharides? - 2 x monosaccharides joined together by a covalent glycosidic linkage. - e.g. sucrose: glucose + fructose. What are oligosaccharides? - 3-10 monosaccharides joined together by covalent glycosidic linkages. - They are often found as a component of glycoproteins or glycolipids and as such are often used as chemical markers for cell recognition. What are polysaccharides? - 10+ monosaccharides joined together by covalent glycosidic linkages. - They function as energy storage and structural support. What is glucose stored as? The polysaccharide glycogen.
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