What assumptions did the Athenians/Pericles make when they withdrew behind their walls?
What drove the Athenian treatment of their generals after the stormy naval battle?
Why did the Athenians go to Sicily? Which enemy did the Athenians forget about?
What was the fate of Socrates? Finally, what do you think is the ultimate legacy of Pericles?
Since the Spartan infantry was stronger than Athens’, Pericles persuaded the Athenians to
hide behind the city walls. Pericles expected the Spartans to give up fighting after a couple
years, since the Athenians would not give into the infantry fight they were looking for.
Pericles firmly believed the Athenians had a strong comparative advantage in terms of their
renowned navy fleet. But soon, the Athenian boats brought in plague to the city. In 429 BC,
after battling with the disease for six months, Pericles died.
The conflict raged on, and the Athenian naval force beat the Spartans in a stormy naval
battle. However, many soldiers had fallen overboard during this battle and instead of saving
them, the Athenian commanders sailed straight back to Athens. As a result, these
commanders were executed, instead of being applauded, for failing to stand by their own
After a decade of fighting, there was no end in sight, frustrating the Athenians. Hungry for a