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Anthropology Chapter 11

Anthropology Chapter 11 - Anthropology Chapter 11 Gender...

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Anthropology Chapter 11 : “Gender” Sex – the biological difference between male and female Gender – a cultural construction that makes biological and physical differences into socially meaningful categories that seem reasonable and appropriate The cultural construction of gender : the pioneering work of Margaret Mead, alternative sexes and alternative genders Androcentric – male-centered Cultural construction of gender – the idea that gender characteristics are the result of historical, economic, and political forces acting within each culture Xanith – an alternative gender role of Oman on the Saudi Arabian peninsula Two-spirit role – an alternative gender role in native North America (formerly called berdache) Mahu – an alternative gender role in Tahiti Hijra – an alternative gender role in India conceptualized as neither man nor woman Cultural Variation in Sexual Behavior Sexuality and the Cultural Construction of Gender
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