Anthropology Social and Cultural Change

Anthropology Social and Cultural Change - 1 Anthropology:...

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1 Anthropology: Social and Cultural Change (11/27) Questions: How is social and cultural change related to inequality? How does inequality emerge and how is it perpetuated? What are some of the driving forces of social and cultural change? How did nations become poor? Previous Ideas: Reflexivity – the recognition they are a part of the process, we often erase the people we were talking about Social constructionism Race and intelligence Distorted developmental trajectory – explaining the different developments of countries as they evolve Progress itself might be a problem Topics Change – European colonization and relationships, structures, and outcomes related to those initial conditions Primitive accumulation Inequality and domination Primary motors or engines of change Two explanations for social and cultural change on a global scale Primitive Accumulation 1400 Europeans not that diversified, economically relied heavily on wool production which was easily prone to gluts, lacked the capacity to administer more than small parts of territory; were skilled at building monumental architecture 1400 Incas were living in Peru, were a complex state level society, builders of roads, temples, bureaucracies, had standing armies, architecture, etc. had a wealth of precious metals, diversified economy, but this was soon to change and these changes would be repeated across the world over and over again
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2 1527 Inca King died, had 500 sons, two of them fought over who should succeed the throne, had civil war that lasted roughly 5 years; 1532 Francisco Pizarro a conquistador arrived, walked in upon a weakened but mighty Kingdom; was already skilled had a standing army and marched into the capital and summoned the King to come unarmed and were ambushed by the Spaniards Today in Peru half of the population lives in poverty and about half are descendants of the Incas but are not represented in the government; Incas are an example of Spanish conquerors, conquests have structured much of what we call the modern world Domination and the inequality of the original people are bound up in social and cultural change Pillaging (take things from people and create havoc in the process) of the original people
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Anthropology Social and Cultural Change - 1 Anthropology:...

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