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HIST3055_Study Guide1

HIST3055_Study Guide1 - 1787 US constitution Constitution...

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1787 – US constitution. Constitution was evolving document. Changes in time vs. holy writ. Does not mention slavery or nature of federal government (federalism) Sovereignty – ultimate power. States or federal union? 1861 – 7 states ceded. Create organization of confederate states. After ft. sumter 4 other states joined. 700,000 men died. Greater than all other wars combined. Manasas July 1861 – Armstrong in union, switched sides. Typical of civil war, ft. sumter last straw When other side eases to exist war is over. Lose traces of south ways, flag, customs must be wiped out in order to win a civil war Geographic line divided 2 sides never clear cut (not Mason Dixon line). Ex. Delaware was more confederate than North Carolina. Slavery – 21 slave states in the Union but 4 out of 5 people not involved in slavery. Southern constitution takes large chunks from US constitution Leaders know what to expect from opponent because all went to same university Lincoln arrested 25 thousand people because loyalty was suspect. Had newspapers shut down, used habeas corpus and exiled outspoken students Confederate VP (Stephens) obstruct Davis 1865 Lee surrendered on Palm Sunday at Appomattox 1820 – antebellum period (means before-war in latin). No united North or Solid South. Differ in intangibles but intangibles that had always been there, just not cause for conflict before. Move for independent South from emotional factors – fear, hate. False picture created of each side by radicals. Create 2 different images of people. Slave South and Black Republicans. North said fighting to save a union because South was destroying it with southern aristocracy and human bondage. S said fight to preserve constitution. Antebellum 3 characteristics (40 years before war) began 1820. 1) rapid growth and expansion 2) (page 12) - frontiers: expanding, population growth. Influx from different countries. Immigrants are chief factor in why North won 8/27 Prewar period not good for anyone but small elite class 1789 – George Washington president, economic – edge of bankruptcy in South. People thought slavery was destined for extinction, natural death. Eli Whitney creates cotton gin so 2 slaves could do the work of what used to be 100 (year 1793). 1793 South is producing 187,000 pounds of cotton, 2 years later producing 6 million pounds. 1810 – 90 million pounds of cotton per year. Led deep South economic leader of world. 1790 – 657,000 pounds. In 1860 there were 3 ½ million slaves in the south. In the lower south slaves are half the population. Upper south (Va.) ¼ to 1/3 the population. 1860 – 191 million dollars in cotton exporting. South supplies close to 70-75% of national income By 1860, except for land slavery was second most expenditure. Cotton = gasoline today Oligarchy – Ex. Russia. Plantation system of south. Based on ordered inequality. Planters yeomen slavers. Race based hierarchy. In all South 1,733 families in control, averages to 130 families per state that control majority of slaves and plantations.
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VA more statesmen than all other states combined.
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HIST3055_Study Guide1 - 1787 US constitution Constitution...

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