EPS 20 L05 - San Francisco Earthquake and fire a turning...

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1 1906 Earthquake and Fire The Great 1906 Earthquake and Firestorm and the other Bay Area Faults 1906 Earthquake and Fire Earthquake and fire San Francisco a turning point for the science of earthquakes 1906 Earthquake and Fire Earthquake and fire San Francisco 1906 Earthquake and Fire Earthquake and fire San Francisco 1906 Earthquake and Fire Earthquake and fire San Francisco 1906 Earthquake and Fire Previous earthquakes San Francisco 1865, October 8 – San Andreas Fault epicenter near Santa Cruz Mark Twain, Roughing It There came a really terrific shock … and there was a heavy grinding noise as of brick houses rubbing together. … As I reeled about on the pavement trying to keep my footing, I saw a sight! The entire front of a tall four-story brick building … sprung outward like a door and fell sprawling across the street. 1836 – Hayward Fault epicenter near Oakland 1838 – San Andreas Fault epicenter near San Mateo
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2 1906 Earthquake and Fire Previous earthquakes San Francisco October 22, 1868 Hayward Fault epicenter near Hayward cover up? A report was ordered by the state …but there is no record of it University of California was founded March 23, 1868 1906 Earthquake and Fire Fires San Francisco Six “great” fires destroyed much of the city during the early gold rush 1849-1851 Brick buildings became more popular The city Fire Department became one of the most efficient in the world 1906 Earthquake and Fire Fires San Francisco Six “great” fires destroyed much of the city during the early gold rush 1849-1851 Brick buildings became more popular The city Fire Department became one of the most efficient in the world Complacency grew October 1905: the National Board of Underwriters stated that “San Francisco has violated all underwriting traditions and precedents by not burning up.” 1906: Crowds gather to watch the fire 1906 Earthquake and Fire Fire damage 1906 Earthquake and Fire Life after the quake Refugees wait for water Looters being shot 1906 Earthquake and Fire “The Lawson Report” A turning point for earthquake science Cataloged descriptions of earthquake effects Identified the San Andreas Fault Maps of the fault location and ground shaking distribution Elastic rebound theory Prof. Andrew Lawson
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EPS 20 L05 - San Francisco Earthquake and fire a turning...

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